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May 2007Vol. 8, No. 4Report to Congress on Interjurisdictional Placement

Interjurisdictional adoption placements are those made outside of a child's State or county of legal residence. A new report from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Children's Bureau examines the challenges to placing foster children for adoption across jurisdictions. A Report to Congress on Interjurisdictional Adoption of Children in Foster Care was mandated by the Keeping Children and Families Safe Act of 2003 (P.L. 108-36) to inform Congress about the nature, scope, and impact of interjurisdictional adoption placement efforts and the strategies that improve outcomes for children placed for adoption in other jurisdictions.

In response to this legislative requirement, the Children's Bureau conducted a survey of all States and territories to identify promising practices and possible strategies to overcome barriers to interjurisdictional placements. This report:

  • Provides background information on children in foster care, especially those for whom interjurisdictional adoptive placements are viable options
  • Describes key steps in the process to achieve permanent placements for children exiting foster care
  • Presents the legal and procedural frameworks that govern the movement of children in foster care to homes in jurisdictions outside their own State or county
  • Describes barriers that interfere with or delay interjurisdictional placements
  • Summarizes strategies States are using to address those barriers
  • Presents a synopsis of strategies employed by HHS to support improvements in interjurisdictional adoptive placements

A Report to Congress on Interjurisdictional Adoption of Children in Foster Care is available on the Children's Bureau website: