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May 2014Vol. 15, No. 5The Permanency Innovations Initiative Approach

The Administration for Children and Families (ACF), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, developed the Permanency Innovations Initiative (PII) to achieve faster and safer permanency for children. In fiscal year 2010, ACF awarded grants to six organizations to implement and evaluate innovative, evidence-supported interventions to help children leave foster care in less than 3 years. ACF also established two teams to support the grantees: the PII Training and Technical Assistance Project (PII-TTAP), which provides training and technical assistance regarding the implementation and sustainability of the interventions, and the PII Evaluation Team (PII-ET), which is designing and conducting site-specific and cross-site evaluations of the interventions. A recent report by the PII-TTAP and PII-ET discusses the background of the PII initiative and provides a detailed overview of its approach.

The PII approach integrates implementation science and rigorous program evaluation and includes the following stages:

  • Exploration, during which the grantee creates readiness for change and examines the appropriateness of the proposed interventions
  • Installation, which sets a foundation to ensure the structural and functional changes needed to support implementation are in place
  • Initial Implementation, during which children and families begin to experience the intervention, and a formative evaluation is conducted
  • Full Implementation, at which point the intervention is being implemented as intended, and a summative evaluation occurs

The report, The PII Approach: Building Implementation and Evaluation Capacity in Child Welfare, is available here:

More information on PII, including the grantees, PII-TTAP, and PII-ET, is available on the Children's Bureau's website: