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April 2016Vol. 17, No. 2Permanency Innovations Initiative Approach: Implementation and Evaluation

Throughout the Federal Government, there is a push to build an evidence base and use it to improve the effectiveness of human services programs. The Administration for Children and Families (ACF), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, developed the Permanency Innovations Initiative (PII) in response to the need for more evidence-supported interventions. In fiscal year 2010, ACF awarded grants to six organizations to implement and evaluate innovative, evidence-supported interventions that would help children leave foster care in less than 3 years and add to the knowledge base in child welfare. The initiative also developed an integrated, phase-based framework, the PII Approach, to guide implementation and evaluation activities for building evidence and preparing interventions for broader use.

The Children's Bureau and the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation are excited to share two foundational products that provide greater detail about the implementation and evaluation activities described in the PII Approach:

  • PII Approach to Evaluation emphasizes the role of evaluation at the beginning and throughout the lifespan of the project in supporting data-driven decision-making. Additional evaluation briefs (referenced in the PII Approach to Evaluation) will be available in the near future.
  • Development, Implementation, and Assessment Approach focuses on best practices in implementation science. Tested and refined in real-world child welfare settings, this approach helps organizations develop or adapt innovations and implement them with fidelity and for sustainable change. Additional products and tools that assist with applying the Approach will be available soon.

PII Approach to Evaluation is available at (263 KB).

Development, Implementation, and Assessment Approach is available at (603 KB).

More information on PII, including the grantees and the PII Approach, is available on the Children's Bureau's website at