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February 2023Vol. 24, No. 1AFCARS Report #29

The latest data from the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) are now available. State and tribal title IV-E agencies are required to report AFCARS case-level information on all children in foster care and on children who have been adopted and have had title IV-E agency involvement. The data are intended to help policymakers at the federal, tribal, and state levels to assess how many children are in foster care, the reasons they entered care, and how they exited care as well as to develop strategies to prevent unnecessary out-of-home placements. The AFCARS report also provides information about the children who are removed from their homes, their placement details, and foster/adoptive parents. 

Some notable data from the current report, which presents data from fiscal year 2021, include the following:

  • There were 391,098 children in foster care in 2021, which is a drop from 407,318 in 2020.
  • A total of 216,812 children entered foster care.
  • A total of 214,971 children exited care.
  • A total of 606,031 children were served by the foster care system.
  • A total of 113,589 children were waiting to be adopted.

To view the complete AFCARS report for fiscal year 2021, visit the Children's Bureau website