Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock () or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

June 2024Vol. 25, No. 5Artificial Intelligence as a Form of Evidence

A blog from the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation explores artificial intelligence (AI) and its potential use in government services and producing evidence. A recent Executive Order and Office of Management and Budget Memorandum underscored AI's promise in government services, highlighting its capacity to enhance efficiency and tailor services to individual beneficiaries. However, despite its potential benefits, concerns remain regarding AI's ethical and equitable use.

AI, defined in the White House Executive Order as a machine-based system capable of making predictions and recommendations, has significant implications for government operations. Leveraging available data and statistical methodologies, AI algorithms can generate predictions and recommendations, shaping decision-making processes.

However, AI's evolving nature poses unique challenges. Unlike traditional statistical models, AI continuously learns and adapts, resulting in outcomes that may be less transparent and predictable. The blog suggests that AI can generate evidence. However, it requires careful interpretation and consideration by humans and should not be taken as the end point of or the sole contributor to decision-making.

Effective use of AI evidence requires attention to data quality—including biases embedded in the data—and application. Collaborative approaches, emphasizing partner engagement and capacity building, are essential to ensure robust governance and integration of AI within government frameworks.

The blog highlights the importance of aligning with existing federal frameworks, a human-centered approach, and ethical considerations when evaluating AI's potential for societal benefit. The implications for policy and practice are complex. Policymakers should explore the ethical dilemmas surrounding AI implementation and make decisions that uphold principles of transparency and fairness. Additionally, practitioners should adapt to the evolving landscape, acquiring the skills to leverage AI insights effectively.