- January-February 2016
- Vol. 16, No. 10
Research on Youth Violence Prevention
Research indicates that, overall, incidents of violence in the United States are on the decline. However, there continue to be high rates of violence among youth, and incidents of violent victimization, homicide, cyberbullying, and gun violence have fluctuated since the 1980s and 90s. Child Trends, in partnership with Futures Without Violence, conducted a review of research on the correlates and potential causes of these ongoing high rates of violence and the impact of violence on children and youth in the United States.
Research was reviewed across a number of important environments and themes. The review evaluated the relationship between youth violence and the contribution of negative factors, such as adolescent mental health, substance use, child maltreatment, bullying, and the availability of weapons. The report examines how these negative factors can predict a range of different types of violence, such as child maltreatment, intimate partner violence, sexual violence, and suicide.
The review also highlights opportunities for reducing violence among youth, including increased positive connection with the school system, connection with family-planning organizations, and enhanced socioemotional learning. Examples of evidence-based programs that have proven useful in the reduction of violence are provided.
Read the report, Preventing Violence: A Review of Research Evaluation, Gaps, and Opportunities, on the Child Trends website at http://www.childtrends.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/2015-15FuturesWithoutViolence1.pdf (6 MB).