Children's Bureau ExpressFebruary 2012 | Vol. 13, No. 1

Table of Contents
 

Spotlight on Trauma-Informed Care
This month, CBX looks at trauma-informed child welfare practice. According to the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence, nearly 60 percent of children were exposed to violence during the past year. Short-term reactions can include withdrawal, depression, sleeping problems, and increased aggression. Exposure to multiple or prolonged traumatic events can affect child development. Long-term consequences can include psychiatric and addictive disorders, chronic medical illness, negative educational and employment experiences, and criminal justice involvement.

  • Integrating Trauma-Informed Practice in CPS Delivery
  • The National Child Traumatic Stress Network
  • Effects of Trauma on Adolescent Brain Development
  • SAMHSA's National Center for Trauma-Informed Care
  • Creating Trauma-Informed Child Welfare Systems
  • Trauma Across the Spectrum of Experience
  • Advancing Practices on Trauma Intervention
  • Newsletter Highlights Trauma and Refugee Families

News From the Children's Bureau
The seventh article in our Centennial Series looks at the issue of child labor at the turn of the century. We also feature several new reports now available on the Children's Bureau website, such as Child Maltreatment 2010.

  • Centennial Series: Child Labor in America
  • Child Maltreatment 2010 Released
  • Findings From Round 2 of the CFSRs
  • 18th National Conference on Child Abuse and Neglect
  • Foster Children and Psychotropic Medications
  • Executive Order on Native Student Education
  • Positive Family-Provider Relational Practices
  • New! From CB

Training and Technical Assistance Network Updates
Read about new resources on adoption statistics, supervision training, and more from CB's T&TA Network.

  • Complex Data Gathering Results in State Adoption Totals
  • NRCOI Compiles Training for State Supervisors
  • More Updates From the T&TA Network

Children's Bureau Grantee Updates
This month's issue features an article on grants awarded to Tribes and migrant organizations implementing prevention programs.

  • Discretionary Grant Forecasts
  • Grants to Tribes, Tribal Organizations, and Migrant Programs

Child Welfare Research
We link to research on diligent recruitment, recidivism, crossover with delinquency, and more.

  • Family Finding for Different Child Welfare Populations
  • Evaluation of Wendy's Wonderful Kids Released
  • Delinquent Referrals and Maltreatment Histories
  • Characteristics of Rereport Risk Factors
  • New IFPS Survey Available

Strategies and Tools for Practice

  • Practice Model for Child Welfare and Substance Use
  • Learning While Doing and Organizational Change
  • Emergency Preparedness Guide
  • Guide for Forensic Interviewing of Spanish-Speaking Children

Resources

  • The Benefits and Challenges of Relative Placement
  • Building Trust Tip Sheet
  • ICWA Contact Database

Training and Conferences

  • Mandatory Reporter Trainings
  • Overcoming Parenting Challenges
  • Conferences

Spotlight on Trauma-Informed Care

Integrating Trauma-Informed Practice in CPS Delivery

Child welfare professionals are not always aware of the symptoms and consequences of trauma and may be ill-equipped to provide services. In the summer of 2011, the Children's Bureau issued a funding opportunity announcement for the Integrating Trauma-Informed and Trauma-Focused Practice in Child Protective Service (CPS) Delivery grant cluster. The applicants were asked to create trauma-informed child welfare systems and to replace portions of their current service array with evidence-based or evidence-informed treatments shown to reduce the effects of traumatic stress. In September 2011, the Children's Bureau awarded 5-year cooperative agreements to the following five organizations:

The focus of the first year of this initiative will be extensive assessment and planning activities, with the remaining 4 years focusing on implementation. Additionally, each project will conduct an evaluation of its activities and identify ways to sustain efforts.

For more information, contact Joyce Pfennig at Joyce.Pfennig@acf.hhs.gov

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Spotlight on Trauma-Informed Care
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3392


The National Child Traumatic Stress Network

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) was established by Congress in 2000 to improve treatment and services for children and adolescents exposed to traumatic events and to increase access to improved trauma treatment and services throughout the country.

The NCTSN is a grant program funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It focuses on a variety of traumatized populations (e.g., infants, adolescents), types of trauma (e.g., child maltreatment, domestic violence), and service settings (e.g., child welfare agencies, schools, the court system). It is composed of three types of centers:

The NCTSN website provides abundant resources about trauma-informed practice, including those pertinent to child welfare practice. Two recent products from the NCTSN Child Welfare Committee include:

The  NCCTS also manages the Learning Center for Child and Adolescent Trauma, which provides free online trainings, many of which can count toward continuing education credits for certain professionals. The Learning Center provides both self-guided trainings, such as courses on the Child Welfare Trauma Training Toolkit and on Psychological First Aid, and a speaker series, which includes webinars on topics such as therapeutic interventions for children in foster care, attachment issues for children who have experienced trauma, and what parents should know about child sexual abuse.

Additionally, the NCCTS coordinates year-long Learning Collaboratives, which emphasize the use of collective learning and experience to help agencies and organizations adopt and implement evidence-based, trauma-informed approaches. The NCTSN has developed more than a dozen Learning Collaboratives on a variety of topics, including child welfare and trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy. Each Learning Collaborative consists of 8 to 10 teams, with each team being from a particular agency or organization and including different stakeholders (e.g., clinicians, supervisors, administrators, clients, alumni). To help facilitate the sharing of practice methods and other information, each Learning Collaborative meets face-to-face three times during the year and also has additional contact as needed. Participants also receive extensive training and other support from NCTSN. While participants generally are NCTSN grantees, grantees' partner organizations may participate, too.

For more information, visit the NCTSN website:

http://www.nctsn.org

Many thanks to Malcolm Gordon of NCTSN for providing information for this article.

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Spotlight on Trauma-Informed Care
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3389


Effects of Trauma on Adolescent Brain Development

While significant brain development occurs during early childhood, neuroscience research now shows that there is important development during adolescence as the brain experiences significant chemical changes and adolescents begin to take on more adult tasks. Science has also uncovered details about the effects of trauma and trauma recovery on adolescent brain development.

A new report from the Jim Casey Youth Opportunities Initiative suggests that this research provides a foundation for developing trauma-informed practices to support growth for youth in foster care and those transitioning to independence. The Adolescent Brain: New Research and Its Implications for Young People Transitioning From Foster Care reviews the research on adolescent brain development and the accompanying developmental tasks that adolescents face, and it points to the relationships and supports that youth in foster care need as they transition to adulthood. According to the report, offsetting the effects of trauma requires sufficient supports, strong relationships, positive opportunities, and adequate services. Child welfare systems with a trauma focus can deliver trauma-specific services and put adolescents on a path toward healing.

The report presents recommendations for developing trauma-informed practices to foster positive development for youth in foster care:

The full report, the executive summary, and other materials are available on the Jim Casey Youth Opportunities Initiative website:

http://www.jimcaseyyouth.org/2011-conferences-webinars-and-events

Related Item

The University of Oklahoma OUTREACH Runaway and Homeless Youth Training and Technical Assistance Centers (RHYTTAC) published a two-page factsheet on trauma that includes tips for integrating trauma-informed programs specifically tailored for runaway and homeless youth, how agencies can evaluate their trauma-informed care, and other resources.

What Is Trauma? is available on the RHYTTAC website:

http://www.rhyttac.ou.edu/tip-sheets

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Spotlight on Trauma-Informed Care
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3391


SAMHSA's National Center for Trauma-Informed Care

Since 2005, the National Center for Trauma-Informed Care (NCTIC) has worked to foster the implementation of trauma-informed care in publicly funded systems and programs, with the goal of moving people toward healing and wellness. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), NCTIC offers technical assistance, education, outreach, and resources to a variety of human service systems, including child welfare, domestic violence, and mental health, among others.

NCTIC operates with the understanding that trauma can trigger and often lead to mental health disorders, substance abuse, eating disorders, HIV and AIDS, run-ins with the criminal justice system, and more. When service delivery systems become trauma-informed, there is a greater chance of supporting service recipients and reducing the risk of recurrent trauma.

The NCTIC website provides referral and support services information and examples of trauma-specific interventions. For more information, visit the website:

http://www.samhsa.gov/nctic/default.asp

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Spotlight on Trauma-Informed Care
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3390


Creating Trauma-Informed Child Welfare Systems

A recent eReview sponsored by the Center for Excellence in Children's Mental Health at the University of Minnesota presents interviews with professionals from three different geographical areas who answer questions about how child welfare systems can implement trauma-informed practices and policies.

This eReview, the third in a series focusing on trauma and child welfare systems, highlights a host of practice models, screening tools, and other resources to foster trauma-focused systems changes across the child welfare spectrum. The review also highlights the National Child Traumatic Stress Network's (NCTSN's) Essential Elements of Trauma-Informed Child Welfare Practice, which lays the foundation for the interviews. Professionals discuss how systems in their geographical areas and within their scope of work are adapting to implement these essential elements. The authors include Charles Wilson, Lisa Conradi, Erika Tullberg, Erin Sullivan-Sutton, and Christeen Borsheim.

Some of the questions addressed include:

The article also describes the NCTSN Breakthrough Series Collaborative Model that is being used by nine child welfare teams across the country, partnered with mental health providers. The focus is on screening for trauma in order to improve placement stability, and the teams' recommendations may lead to the development of a new screening tool.

Read the entire article here:

http://www.cmh.umn.edu/ereview/cmhereviewMar11.html

NCTSN's Essential Elements of Trauma-Informed Child Welfare Practice is available here:

http://www.nctsnet.org/nctsn_assets/pdfs/CWT3_SHO_EEs.pdf  (49 KB)

The entire eReview series on trauma is available on the Children's Mental Health eReview website:

http://www.cmh.umn.edu/ereview.html

Related Item

In June 2011, CBX covered the second issue in the trauma-specific series, "Historical Trauma, Microaggressions, and Identity: A Framework for Culturally Based Practice."
 

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Spotlight on Trauma-Informed Care
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3387


Trauma Across the Spectrum of Experience

The Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma published a special two-part issue in 2011 focusing on child and adolescent trauma across the spectrum of experience.

The first volume, Child and Adolescent Trauma Across the Spectrum of Experience: Interpersonal and Ecological Factor, begins with Erna Olafson's "Child Sexual Abuse: Demography, Impact, and Interventions." This article focuses on the interpersonal aspect of trauma as it relates to child sexual abuse (CSA), the diversity of actions and behaviors that constitute CSA and the resulting effects or outcomes, and the correlation between CSA and polyvictimization.

Child and Adolescent Trauma across the Spectrum of Experience: Underserved Populations and Emotional Abuse, the second volume, draws attention to the less obvious and nonphysical traumas and their outcomes, such as psychological or cognitive effects of exposure to war, violence, or racism.

"Racial Trauma in the Lives of Black Children and Adolescents: Challenges and Clinical Implications," by Maryam Jernigan and Jessica Daniel, explores the developmental effects of racism, a topic rarely included in trauma-centric literature or analysis. The authors explore the developmental implications of racial trauma in a scholastic setting.

These articles and more appear in the May 2011 Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma (Volume 4, Issues 1 and 2) and can be viewed or purchased here:

http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/WCAT

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Spotlight on Trauma-Informed Care
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3388


Advancing Practices on Trauma Intervention

A white paper by the National Institute for Trauma and Loss in Children (TLC) highlights a developmental perspective and experiential approach to trauma-informed care.  

In Advancing Trauma-Informed Practices: Bringing Trauma-Informed, Resilience-focused Care to Children, Adolescents, Families, Schools, and Communities, William Steele and Caelan Kuban assert that trauma is induced by the experience of the situation rather than the situation itself. Because no one person experiences the same trauma identically, understanding how trauma is experienced is necessary for developing effective interventions and avoiding retrauma.

The brief discusses TLC's evidence-based Structured Sensory Interventions for Children, Adolescents and Parents (SITCAP®) programs, like the I Feel Better Now program, which are developmentally appropriate and focused on the common experiences associated with trauma—fear, terror, worry, hurt, anger, revenge, guilt/shame, feeling unsafe or powerless, etc. The treatment program is a set of interventions for 3–18 year olds, parents, and other adults that aims to reduce trauma symptoms and mental reactions through creating new, positive, and structured experiences that allow youth to "rework" the traumatic experience. More than 6,000 TLC Certified Trauma Specialists in schools and agencies across the country use the experienced-based intervention programs.  

One year after 100 multiply traumatized youth in second through fifth grades completed the I Feel Better Now program, parents reported that:

SITCAP® programs are now listed on the California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse and the Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Agency (SAMHSA) National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices (NREPP).

Advancing Trauma-Informed Practices: Bringing Trauma-Informed, Resilience-focused Care to Children, Adolescents, Families, Schools, and Communities, by William Steele and Caelan Kuban, is available at:

http://assets1.mytrainsite.com/500051/tlcwhitepaper.pdf (1 MB)
 

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Spotlight on Trauma-Informed Care
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3385


Newsletter Highlights Trauma and Refugee Families

A recent issue of the The Dialogue, published by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), focuses on trauma in different populations and ways to identify and address trauma.

In the article "Adapting Trauma Interventions for Refugee Families," the authors argue that refugee children impacted by trauma from their experience of war or immigration often continue to suffer as refugees because of the effect of the trauma on parenting practices. Stressed parents in a new country may exhibit impaired parenting that has long-lasting effects on their children's experiences and behaviors.

The article highlights a modification of the Parenting Through Change program with Somali and Oromo mothers in Minneapolis and St. Paul, MN. The 14-week Parent Management Training-Oregon Model (PMTO) program was culturally adapted to incorporate a trauma-informed focus. Because traumatic stress had disrupted parenting, particularly parent-child communication in times of conflict, one of the most important trauma-adapted aspects of the work was teaching emotion-regulation skills. The pilot program was well received, and the group saw an 85 percent retention rate. The article also presents a list of guidelines for working with refugee populations, particularly those refugees with prior exposure to trauma.

The issue's special feature article, "Vicarious Trauma," by Nora Baladerian, explores the experiences of those who work with trauma victims and disaster survivors. The author defines vicarious trauma as more than just the impact of seeing or hearing the aftermath of trauma; rather, it is a standard risk for anyone working with victims, survivors, or witnesses of trauma. The author asserts that proactively addressing vicarious trauma is essential for preventing mental health disorders or other negative outcomes. Workers often possess strategies to reduce the risk of secondary trauma but rarely take the time to implement those strategies. Behavioral health stigma also is a leading barrier to the prevention of trauma transfer. Simple strategies such as regular breaks during the workday and open discussion during staff meetings can help reduce cumulative stress. The article presents a list of the symptoms of vicarious trauma and tips for intervention.

This issue of The Dialogue includes the article "Formation of Long-term Recovery Groups," contributed by Jean Peercy, information on the tool When Families Grieve, a resource for helping adults and children cope with the death of a loved one, and more.

The entire issue of The Dialogue is available on SAMHSA's website:

http://www.samhsa.gov/dtac/dialogue/

Related Item

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) has published Secondary Traumatic Stress: A Fact Sheet for Child-Serving Professionals. The six-page factsheet explores the different ways individuals experience vicarious trauma, identifies specific signs and symptoms, and provides strategies for prevention and intervention. Additionally, the factsheet delineates the essential elements for a trauma-informed system that caters to the needs of workers who experience secondary trauma.

The factsheet is available on NCTSN's website:

http://www.nctsn.org/sites/default/files/assets/pdfs/secondary_traumatic_tress.pdf (724 KB)

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Spotlight on Trauma-Informed Care
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3393


News From the Children's Bureau

Centennial Series: Child Labor in America

This is the seventh article in our Centennial Series, as we count down to the Children's Bureau's 100th anniversary in April 2012. These articles address some of the social issues, practices, and policies at the turn of the last century that laid the groundwork for the creation of the Children's Bureau.

Child labor has been a reality throughout history. Whether it was working on a family farm or helping out with a family business, children in all but the wealthiest families have long been expected to contribute to the economic well-being of their families in some way.

In the United States, the rapid industrialization of the early 19th century created the need for cheap labor, a demand that was often filled by children. The U.S. Census of 1900 estimated that one child out of six between the ages of 10 and 15 was gainfully employed, for a total number of 1,750,178 children. That number did not include children who were younger than age 10 or children who helped out on family farms or in urban "sweat shops" before or after school (Zelizer, 2000).

A 1907 study found that while almost three-fourths of working children labored in agriculture, more than 500,000 children were employed in nonagricultural jobs, including in coal mines, textile mills, the clothing industry, iron and steel works, furniture and lumber factories, and glass factories, or they worked as domestic servants, messengers, street vendors, and office workers (Lindenmeyer, 1997). Many children worked long hours in hazardous conditions at low wages. Often, their poor families desperately needed the income to supplement the parents' low wages, but for the children, the reality of the work often threatened their health and denied them the opportunity to attend school.

The Progressive Era, from the 1890s to the 1920s, was a time when many social activists sought to improve the conditions of the urban poor, particularly of immigrant children who lived and labored in the slums of large cities. The journalist Jacob Riis, himself an immigrant, brought much public attention to the issue through a series of articles, books, and public lectures that featured startling photographs of the grim conditions of tenement neighborhoods in New York City (Riis, 1890/2011).

In 1842, Massachusetts and Connecticut passed the nation's first laws restricting the number of hours a child could work, and by 1912, every State had some form of protective child labor law. Enforcement of these laws, however, varied widely and in many cases offered very little protection (Lindenmeyer, 1997). In 1904, a coalition of State child labor activists formed the National Child Labor Committee (NCLC) to advocate a national approach to restricting child labor. Although it would be many years before effective Federal labor legislation would be passed, the work of the NCLC paved the way for a larger Federal role in protecting child workers (Marten, 2005). 

The Federal legislation that created the Children's Bureau in 1912 charged the new agency to investigate and report on a number of issues, including child labor (Lathrop, 1914). To that end, the Children's Bureau surveyed existing State child labor laws, analyzed existing data, and conducted a series of studies to gain a further understanding of the working conditions and wages of child workers.

According to the Children's Bureau's first annual report, published in 1914, the key to reigning in the child labor problem in America was a legal requirement for work permits:
“One step in protecting children is taken when the law says that a child shall not work under a certain age. The certificate serves in part as a method of enforcement of this minimum-age provision, and in part as a protection for the child between 14 and 16 against unsuitable work, such as may threaten his health or his morals" (Lathrop, 1914). 

In 1917, the Bureau was given responsibility for the administration of the first Federal child labor law, and the Bureau’s small staff worked with States to develop procedures for enforcement that laid the groundwork for future Federal child protection efforts (Bradbury, 1956).

References

Bradbury, D., & Eliot, M. (1956). Four decades of action for children: A short history of the Children's Bureau. Washington, DC: Children's Bureau, Social Security Administration, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Retrieved from http://www.ssa.gov/history/pdf/child1.pdf (2 MB)

Lathrop, J. (1914). First annual report of the Chief, Children's Bureau, to the Secretary of Labor, for the fiscal year ended June 1913. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. Retrieved from http://www.mchlibrary.info/history/chbu/21867-1st.PDF (1 MB)

Lindenmeyer, K. (1997). A right to childhood: The U.S. Children's Bureau and child welfare, 1912-46. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.

Marten, J. (2005). Childhood and child welfare in the Progressive Era. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's.

Riis, J. (2011). How the other half lives. D. Leviaton (ed.). Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's. (Original work published 1890).

Zelizer, V. (2000). The changing social value of children. In P. Fass & M. Mason (Eds.), Childhood in America (pp. 260–261). New York: New York University Press.

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: News From the Children's Bureau
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3374


Child Maltreatment 2010 Released

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has released Child Maltreatment 2010, the 21st in a series of reports designed to provide national statistics on child abuse and neglect. These reports provide State-level data from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) and include information on screened-in referrals (reports) of abuse and neglect made to child protective services (CPS) agencies, the children involved, types of maltreatment, CPS responses, child and caregiver risk factors, services, and perpetrators.

Highlights of Child Maltreatment 2010 show:

The full report is available on the Children's Bureau website:

http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/pubs/cm10/cm10.pdf#page=9 (4 MB) 
 

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: News From the Children's Bureau
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3375


Findings From Round 2 of the CFSRs

The Children's Bureau recently released the first comprehensive findings from the second round of the Child and Family Services Reviews (CFSRs). Since 2001, the Children's Bureau has conducted two complete rounds of reviews of all the States' child welfare systems; Round 2 was conducted between 2007 and 2010.

The Children's Bureau conducts the CFSRs to monitor States for conformity to Federal child welfare requirements, determine what is actually happening to children and families involved in the child welfare system, and assist States in enhancing their capacity to help children and families achieve positive outcomes. The CFSR process includes a Statewide Assessment and an onsite evaluation of 65 foster care and in-home services cases. In Round 2, States were assessed on 45 items grouped into seven outcomes that measured safety, permanency, and well-being and seven systemic factors.

The new report presents quantitative findings from all the States, as well as aggregate data from all the cases. In addition, the report also offers some qualitative information to shed light on performance, themes, and challenges. A content analysis helped to identify States' common child welfare challenges, and statistical analyses show relationships among outcomes, systemic factors, and items.

None of the States was in substantial conformity with the seven outcomes in the CFSRs; however, 10 States achieved substantial conformity with Well-Being Outcome 2: "Children receive appropriate services to meet their educational needs." In addition, a majority of States achieved the following:

The full report, Federal Child and Family Services Reviews Aggregate Report Round 2, is available on the Children’s Bureau website:

http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/cwmonitoring/results/fcfsr_report.pdf  (1 MB)

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: News From the Children's Bureau
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3380


18th National Conference on Child Abuse and Neglect

The 18th National Conference on Child Abuse and Neglect, sponsored by the Children's Bureau Office on Child Abuse and Neglect (OCAN), will be held April 16–20, 2012, in Washington, DC. The timing of and the theme for the 2012 conference, "Celebrating the Past—Imagining the Future," coincide with the Children's Bureau's centennial. This year's conference also marks the first time live video streaming and interactive webinar options will be offered.

Registration information and the conference program preview are available here:

http://www.pal-tech.com/web/OCAN/
 

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: News From the Children's Bureau
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3384


Foster Children and Psychotropic Medications

A joint letter to States from the Administration for Children and Families (ACF), the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) outlined plans to strengthen oversight of the use of psychotropic medication with children in foster care. The November 23 letter was sent to each State child welfare director, Medicaid director, and mental health authority and highlighted the overrepresentation of children in foster care using psychotropic medications. While children in foster care represent only 3 percent of children covered by Medicaid, they are prescribed antipsychotic medications at nearly nine times the rate of other children receiving Medicaid.

The letter provided States with background information on the use of psychotropic medication as well as resources for interagency collaboration to strengthen oversight. The three agencies will convene workgroups in 2012 to help States develop action plans to address this issue.

The letter is available on CB's website:

http://www.childwelfare.gov/systemwide/mentalhealth/effectiveness/jointlettermeds.pdf (58 KB)

Related Item

In December, Bryan Samuels, Commissioner of the Administration on Children, Youth and Families, testified at a U.S. Senate subcommittee hearing examining the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' guidelines on the use of psychotropic medication for children in foster care. Commissioner Samuels' testimony is available on the Senate subcommittee's website:

http://www.hsgac.senate.gov/download/samuels-testimony
 

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: News From the Children's Bureau
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3377


Executive Order on Native Student Education

In December 2011, the White House issued an Executive Order calling for increased educational opportunities for American Indian and Alaska Native students and establishing the White House Initiative on American Indian and Alaska Native Education. Citing recent reports that show increased dropout rates for this population, President Obama called for increased efforts to close the achievement gap. The Initiative will be cochaired by the Secretaries of Education and of the Interior and will focus on providing Native students with more opportunities to learn their Native American languages, cultures, and histories.

The Initiative also will work to better prepare Native students for college and careers through meeting goals including but not limited to:

The Executive Order is available on the White House website:

http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2011/12/02/executive-order-13592-improving-american-indian-and-alaska-native-educat
 

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: News From the Children's Bureau
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3382


Positive Family-Provider Relational Practices

A new report by the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (OPRE) identifies core elements necessary for high-quality family engagement and family-sensitive caregiving in early care and education programs. The report stems from interest in family engagement across education and early care programs that was generated as a result of States measuring interactions with families in Quality Rating and Improvement Systems (QRIS) and Head Start's focus on family engagement.

Family-Provider Relationships: A Multidisciplinary Review of High Quality Practices and Associations With Family, Child, and Provider Outcomes presents a multidisciplinary literature review that identifies common key practices in family-provider relationships and explores the associations between practice areas and outcomes for participants. The authors reviewed literature published between 2000 and 2010 from the fields of health, mental health, child welfare, early education, early care, and K-12 education. Three key elements for positive family-provider relationships were identified:

The literature review also showed a strong correlation between positive family-provider relational practices and improved outcomes for children.

Family-Provider Relationships: A Multidisciplinary Review of High Quality Practices and Associations with Family, Child, and Provider Outcomes is available on OPRE's website:

http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/opre/cc/childcare_technical/reports/family_provider_multi.pdf  (829 KB)

OPRE also recently released:

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: News From the Children's Bureau
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3379


New! From CB

The Children's Bureau website carries information on child welfare programs, funding, monitoring, training and technical assistance, laws, statistics, research, Federal reporting, and much more. The "New on Site" section includes grant announcements, policy announcements, agency information, and recently released publications.

Recent additions to the site include:

Visit the Children's Bureau website often to see what's new!

http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: News From the Children's Bureau
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3383


Training and Technical Assistance Network Updates

Complex Data Gathering Results in State Adoption Totals

A publication from Child Welfare Information Gateway now available online provides estimates of total adoption numbers for the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.

How Many Children Were Adopted in 2007-2008? was developed with assistance from Gene Flango, Ph.D., of the National Center for State Courts and offers key findings on the numbers of public, intercountry, and other adoptions as well as data sources and cautionary notes. This publication, which will be updated periodically, provides a single source of recent statistical information on the numbers and types of adoptions in the United States, as well as the numbers of adoptions by State, by data source, and by other classifications. Highlights of the data include the following:

The years 2007 and 2008 were chosen because of the length of time it takes to process the data and make them available. There is no one government agency responsible for collecting adoption data, which complicates the process of collecting and aggregating adoption numbers. Data were collected from State courts, State bureaus of vital records, the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS), State departments of social services, and the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Consular Affairs. Additionally, each source has its own method for compiling and defining the data. For example, court data are based on the number of adoption petitions filed in the State, whereas bureaus of vital records report adoptions of children born in their States.

Sources also are not consistent in the use of Federal fiscal year or State fiscal years in establishing totals. Even though adoption totals are approximate for the reasons stated above, differences caused by gaps or overlaps are unlikely to affect the conclusions.   

Because of the complexity of adoption and child welfare research, it is difficult to attribute changes in national or State data to any specific policy, practice, or other factor. Further research will provide child welfare professionals with more information to help find permanent families for waiting children. 

To read the full report, visit the Child Welfare Information Gateway website:

http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/adopted0708.cfm
 

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Training and Technical Assistance Network Updates
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3394


NRCOI Compiles Training for State Supervisors

The National Child Welfare Resource Center for Organizational Improvement (NRCOI) has published the results of its Supervisor Training Project, based on a poll of State child welfare training directors who reported the methods they use to train and support child welfare supervisors. Thirty-four States participated in the 1-hour interviews, and NRCOI compiled the data to make them available on its site (http://muskie.usm.maine.edu/helpkids/supervisionproject.htm), with sections on training by State and topic, additional resources, and the full project report. Using a discussion guide, staff asked the State officials about preservice and ongoing training, professional development opportunities, and supervisory support. The findings indicated that States use the following training activities:

Summaries of other topics include supervisor requirements, mentoring and coaching, and meetings and conferences. The website provides links, when available, to each State's training materials and curricula and summaries of the project interviews that include contact information for each training director. The project homepage also links to a page that describes the types of training and technical assistance that are available from members of the Training and Technical Assistance (T&TA) Network.

The interviews, reviews and revisions of data, and creation of the website took roughly 5 months. "We've completed a number of special requests using this information," said Laura Dyer, NRCOI research analyst. "For instance, we received inquiries on alternative training approaches, critical thinking training, coaching/mentoring, training supervisors on how to use data, etc. We were able to pull together relevant materials and examples from this project to create summaries based on those inquiries. These materials have also proved helpful to a State as they developed a curriculum for caseworkers that aspire to become supervisors."

NRCOI plans to update the project data annually and add more States. The NRC has received positive feedback from a number of States and T&TA Network members who have found useful management and leadership curricula.

NRCOI is now working on a similar initiative, collecting information on State child welfare Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) systems. The interviews will cover staff, budget, structure, activities, policies, future plans, and more.

For more information about the project, contact Laura Dyer (ldyer@usm.maine.edu) or visit: 

http://muskie.usm.maine.edu/helpkids/supervisionproject.htm

NRCOI's website:

http://muskie.usm.maine.edu/helpkids/index.htm

Related Item

CBX last wrote about NRCOI in "Basics for Practice Model Implementation Success" (November 2011).

http://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=130&articleID=3309&keywords=NCROI

For more training resources, visit the Child Welfare Information Gateway website:

http://www.childwelfare.gov/management/training/

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Training and Technical Assistance Network Updates
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3395


More Updates From the T&TA Network

The Children's Bureau's Training and Technical Assistance (T&TA) Network continues to produce resources that can help States and Tribes in their work with children and families. Some recent resources are listed below:

 

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Training and Technical Assistance Network Updates
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3396


Children's Bureau Grantee Updates

Discretionary Grant Forecasts

The Children's Bureau is currently forecasting 12 FY 2012 discretionary grant funding opportunities. Please check the forecast site regularly, as these forecasts are subject to change.

The following CB FY 2012 Funding Opportunity Announcements (FOAs) are currently listed on the forecast website:


Information about planned FY 2012 FOAs is now available on the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Grants Forecast website:

https://extranet.acf.hhs.gov/hhsgrantsforecast

To find the Children's Bureau's forecasts, click the links above or go to the forecast website and enter the title or Funding Opportunity Number (FON) in the search box.

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Children's Bureau Grantee Updates
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3415


Grants to Tribes, Tribal Organizations, and Migrant Programs

On September 30, 2011, the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) awarded three grants under the grant program titled "Grants to Tribes, Tribal Organizations and Migrant Programs for Community-Based Child Abuse Prevention Programs." The purpose of this grant program is to provide financial support to selected Tribes, Tribal organizations, and migrant programs for child abuse prevention programs and activities consistent with the goals outlined by title II of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA). The goal of the programs and activities supported by these funds is to prevent the occurrence or recurrence of abuse or neglect within Tribal and migrant populations. The funds must support more effective and comprehensive child abuse prevention activities and family support services that will enhance the lives and ensure the safety and well-being of migrant and Native American children and their families.

Some examples of programs that the grantees are implementing include, but are not limited to, voluntary home visiting, parenting education, mutual support, family resource centers, domestic violence victim advocacy services, and other family support services. Applicants were strongly encouraged to implement evidence-based and evidence-informed programs and practices that reflect the unique cultural characteristics and needs of their communities. The grantees are also supporting an evaluation of the programs and services funded by the grant. Finally, grantees are to develop stronger linkages with the Community-Based Child Abuse Prevention Program (CBCAP) State Lead Agency funded under title II of CAPTA. The three funded projects are described below.

These grantees have developed unique approaches to address child abuse and neglect prevention efforts in their communities. Each grantee has chosen a different evaluation approach, but they all share similar program outcomes. Some of these outcomes include increased knowledge of parenting skills, access to support services within the community, implementation fidelity, cultural competence, parental empowerment and development, and improvements in children’s behavior in response to positive parenting. Dissemination efforts include a focus at the community, State, and national levels, providing information directly to service agencies and researchers through conference and workshop presentations.

For additional information regarding this grant program, please visit the FRIENDS National Resource Center website at www.friendsnrc.org or contact the Federal Project Officer, Rosie Gomez, at rosie.gomez@acf.hhs.gov.

Contributed by Rosie Gomez, Federal Project Officer, Office on Child Abuse and Neglect

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Children's Bureau Grantee Updates
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3398


Child Welfare Research

Family Finding for Different Child Welfare Populations

The family finding model, which child welfare agencies may use to identify and locate extended family members for children and youth in foster care, can be implemented at any point in a child's case. A recent Child Trends research brief compared the use of the family finding model with two child welfare populations at two sites: 196 youth who had spent a long time in foster care and 70 children who recently entered out-of-home care. Data were collected between October 2008 and November 2010.

Differences were found in program approach and context, characteristics of the children served, and the program inputs and outputs at the two sites. According to the research brief, intervention with the family finding model for children new to out-of-home care tended to focus on finding family in order to strengthen reunification efforts and support systems. However, when applied to youth who had lingered in care and who had little or no contact with birth parents, the focus shifted to meeting the youth's needs by expanding the support network and engaging extended family members and other connections.

Results are discussed in terms of family meetings, family engagement, and family discovery. More family members were discovered for children who had been in care over time; however, the family finding model still increased the number of family members or other connections by more than three times for those new to care. While children who had been in care had more requests for family member meetings, children new to out-of-home care had, on average, slightly more family meetings. Results also show that there were more interactions between caseworkers and family members of children new to out-of-home care.

These findings may help child welfare systems understand when the family finding practice model would be the most effective and design programs to either prevent foster care placement or reduce the time children and youth spend in foster care. 
 
Family Finding: Does Implementation Differ When Serving Different Child Welfare Populations? by Karin Malm and Tiffany Allen, is available on Child Trend's website:

http://www.childtrends.org/Files/Child_Trends-2011_10_17_RB_FamilyFinding.pdf (440 KB)

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Child Welfare Research
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3400


Evaluation of Wendy's Wonderful Kids Released


Findings from a 5-year evaluation of the Dave Thomas Foundation for Adoption's Wendy's Wonderful Kids program are available, and results show overwhelmingly that foster children served by the program model are 1.7 times more likely to be adopted.

This is the first-of-its-kind evaluation of a child-focused adoption recruitment practice model. The Wendy's Wonderful Kids (WWK) program model is unique in that it is a corporate-funded program that aims to find permanent homes for foster children and youth, with a particular focus on children considered hard to place, such as older children and children with mental disabilities.

The evaluation, conducted by Child Trends, included 26 grantee agencies in 23 sites. Between August 2006 and January 2010, 1,393 children were randomly assigned to either a treatment or control group. The final study evaluated 21 grantee agencies in 18 States. Comparisons between children served by WWK and children not served by WWK found that:

The WWK program is funded by Wendy's restaurant customer donations and other sources. The Dave Thomas Foundation for Adoption issues grants to adoption organizations in the local communities where funds are raised, and the organizations hire WWK adoption recruiters who spend 100 percent of their time finding permanent families for children in their local foster care systems. WWK recruiters carry small caseloads—between 12 and 15 cases—that allow them to form strong one-on-one relationships with the children they serve and be more aggressive in their recruitment efforts.

The full evaluation report, a factsheet, program model description, and more are available on the Dave Thomas Foundation for Adoption website:

http://www.davethomasfoundation.org/about-foster-care-adoption/research/read-the-research/
 

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Child Welfare Research
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3403


Delinquent Referrals and Maltreatment Histories

The inaugural issue of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's (OJJDP's) Journal of Juvenile Justice features the article "Missouri's Crossover Youth: Examining the Relationship Between Their Maltreatment History and Their Risk of Violence" by Anne Dannerbeck and Jiahui Yan. The study, which used the developmental pathways model, compares delinquent youth with and without a history of maltreatment and examines how risk factors for youth with a maltreatment history differ from other delinquent youth.

In a study of 79,766 youth with delinquency referrals in Missouri's juvenile justice system, roughly 17 percent or 13,609 had a history of maltreatment. The risk factors explored included mental health, social environment, gender, race, and offending history. Delinquent youth with a history of maltreatment had more severe risk factors than youth without that history, and maltreatment increased the odds of future violence.

The authors examined characteristics of this crossover population to understand what leads youth from the child welfare system—where they are treated as victims—to the juvenile justice system—where they are treated as perpetrators. The developmental pathways model assumes that behavior develops in an ordered fashion and understanding the pathway from maltreatment to violent delinquent behavior may help child welfare systems develop better services for at-risk youth.

The study highlights the connection between risk factor accumulation and the likelihood of violent behavior. Children and youth who amass multiple risk factors over time have increased rates of violent delinquent behavior. Trauma either stemming from maltreatment, abuse, neglect, or out-of-home placement often hinders the development of appropriate coping skills and can cause other cognitive impairments such as mental health issues and behavioral problems.

The crossover youth in this study tended to:

A secondary focus of the study was the association between risk factors and a propensity toward violence. The risk factor overwhelmingly connected with violence was mental health. More than race, gender, or history of maltreatment, a history of juvenile mental health issues and behavior problems significantly increased a youth’s propensity toward violence.

The inaugural issue of Journal of Juvenile Justice also features articles on recidivism in juvenile corrections, juvenile drug courts and the role of drug use associated with criminal behaviors, and more.

The full issue is available on the journal's website:

http://www.journalofjuvjustice.org/

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Child Welfare Research
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3404


Characteristics of Rereport Risk Factors

A recent article in the Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, "Recidivism in the Child Protection System," explores possible risk clusters and characteristics associated with substantiated rereports of abuse of children who remain in the home following an initial report of abuse. What makes this study unique is that, unlike other risk association studies that focus on single rereport factors, here the authors focused on multiple factors within single families.

Data were drawn from the National Survey for Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW). Study participants were 2,578 children from birth to 14 years old, recruited from 92 child protective service (CPS) agencies throughout the nation, and who remained with their primary caregiver following an abuse report. During the 5-year follow-up period, cases were examined at 1, 1.5, 3, and 5 years for new reports of abuse. A number of child, caregiver, and family characteristics were explored.

The study found that:

Identifying clusters of characteristics associated with rereports may help agencies allocate resources to high-risk families.

"Recidivism in the Child Protection System," by Suzanne Dakil, Christina Sakai, Hua Lin, and Glenn Flores, was published in the November (volume 165, issue 11) issue of Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine.

The article abstract can be found online:
 
http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2011.129
 

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Child Welfare Research
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3402


New IFPS Survey Available

Intensive Family Preservation Services (IFPS) are used to support families in crises in which children have been removed or are at-risk of removal from their families because of maltreatment. IFPS programs follow a specific protocol and exist around the country. Recently, the National Family Preservation Network (NFPN) released the 2011 IFPS survey report highlighting findings from exemplary programs.

The first IFPS survey was conducted in 1994. In 2007, NFPN published an updated survey highlighting 20 States with strong programs. The 2011 report, while featuring fewer exemplary State programs than the 2007 report, underlines a uniform set of standards for archetypal IFPS programs. The newest report also explains a new way to use the survey's data for safety-related services, examples of less intensive services provided by States, and a directory for resources, training, and technical assistance.

Findings from this survey show that States with exemplary programs are adhering to the recommended components of an intense program, which include:

Less intense programs may include workers who have a minimum of four cases, offer services for up to 40 weeks, and spend less than 5 hours of one-on-one time each week with families. The 2011 survey was completed via email by in-home contacts in 44 States.

The 2011 IFPS Nationwide Survey is available on the NFPN website:

http://nfpn.org/news-notes/2011/210-nationwide-ifps-survey-completed.html
 

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Child Welfare Research
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3401


Strategies and Tools for Practice

Practice Model for Child Welfare and Substance Use

Responding to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' call for interagency collaboration in serving families with substance use disorders involved with child welfare, Children and Family Futures (CFF) developed a practice model centered on multidisciplinary partnerships.

The Collaborative Practice Model for Family Recovery, Safety and Stability
outlines links between the child welfare, juvenile court, substance abuse treatment, mental health, and other systems vital for family recovery and resilience. The practice model highlights best practice examples to guide communities and agencies in tailoring cross-system collaborations.

This approach not only resonates with the core values of child welfare but also those within the substance use disorder realm in achieving success when treating substance use disorders. The model focuses on 10 linkages:

Multiple examples of organizations that have developed each type of linkage are provided. The guide concludes with a list of resources and tools to promote collaboration and a matrix that details characteristics of progress—from fundamental practice to good to best practice—for each of the system linkage elements.
  
This free publication is available on the CFF website:
 
http://www.cffutures.org/files/PracticeModel_0.pdf (2 MB)
 

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Strategies and Tools for Practice
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3405


Learning While Doing and Organizational Change

As the Casey Foundation shifted its practice from finding long-term foster care families for children and youth to securing more permanent homes—a process dubbed Move to Greater Permanence (MGP)—it achieved several positive outcomes. The Casey Foundation saw this change as an opportunity to become a learning organization. To help guide other child welfare agencies, Casey Family Services (the direct services arm of the Casey Foundation) produced a white paper explaining its learning-while-doing approach to organizational change, including its processes, implementation techniques, and lessons learned.

The brief details 12 strategies based on data collected over 5 years. The key was incremental changes using first- and second-order change philosophy, meaning that small changes in staffing or programs were made first, and then larger, more transformative changes followed. The agency implemented the MGP change in two phases, a strategic planning phase and an assessment of agency assets available for the transformation.  

The brief highlights some of the growing pains that accompanied the organizational change. Caseload turnover increased, which affected the stability of reimbursements until the agency learned to manage the higher turnover rate. Preliminary results, however, show that the new framework is effective:

Learning While Doing in the Human Services Sector: Becoming a Learning Organization Through Organizational Change is available on the Casey Family Services website:

http://www.caseyfamilyservices.org/userfiles/pdf/ReportonOrganizationalChange_WEB.pdf  (816 KB)
 

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Strategies and Tools for Practice
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3408


Emergency Preparedness Guide

The Promising Practices Network (PPN) has produced an online emergency preparedness guide for child-serving organizations. The guide provides best practices and seven steps to guide organizations through tailoring an emergency plan suited for a wide range of situations. PPN's preparedness guide also links to a sample plan with an organizational checklist.

The seven steps for developing an emergency preparedness plan are:

  1. Assess which risks you are most likely to encounter.
  2. Specify the goals of your emergency plan.
  3. Identify the outside organizations and people that can help you prepare for and respond to an emergency.
  4. Determine what actions may need to be taken in preparation for or during an emergency to achieve the goals.
  5. Put your plan in writing and assemble other needed documents.
  6. Communicate your plan to staff, parents, and other relevant individuals and organizations.
  7. Practice your emergency plan on a regular basis and update it as needed.

The guide, sample plan, and recommended links are available on PPN's Tools and Resources webpage:

http://www.promisingpractices.net/resources/emergencyprep/

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Strategies and Tools for Practice
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3407


Guide for Forensic Interviewing of Spanish-Speaking Children

The Center for Innovation and Resources, Inc., has published a second edition of a guide for multidisciplinary interview teams (including child welfare, law enforcement, and other professionals) conducting forensic interviews with bilingual or Spanish-speaking children. The Guide for Forensic Interviewing of Spanish-Speaking Children was originally produced through the Child Abuse Training and Technical Assistance (CATTA) project. The latest version reflects the common practice of multidisciplinary interview teams in California child welfare systems and refreshed training techniques such as the "10-Step Interview" developed by Tom Lyon.
 
This resource provides strategies and best practices for conducting forensic interviews that are culturally sensitive and dialectally accurate, establishing trust with families, and working with interpreters.

Guide for Forensic Interviewing of Spanish-Speaking Children (2nd ed) is available for download on CATTA's Resources webpage:

http://cirinc.org/catta/?page_id=29

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Strategies and Tools for Practice
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3406


Resources

The Benefits and Challenges of Relative Placement

The November 2011 issue of The Judges' Page newsletter, with the theme "A Critical Dependency Court Resource: Relative Placements" presents an array of articles that address many of the benefits and challenges to placing children in foster care with relatives. Articles focus on relative adoptions and subsidized guardianships, the importance and impact of the Fostering Connections legislation on relative placement, understanding the issue from both the child and the birth parent’s perspectives, and the challenges faced by kinship caregivers. In one article, the Hon. Leonard Edwards (ret.) outlines the many benefits of kinship placement as required by Fostering Connections and the many issues yet to be tackled. 

The Judges' Page is a publication of the National CASA Association in partnership with the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges and is available on the National CASA website:

http://www.casaforchildren.org/site/c.mtJSJ7MPIsE/b.5332551/k.71F5/Judges_Page_Newsletter.htm

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Resources
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3410


Building Trust Tip Sheet

Helping Children in Care Build Trusting Relationships, produced by the Foster Care and Adoption Resource Center of Wisconsin, provides foster and adoptive parents with tips and strategies for helping their children build strong, trusting relationships. The tip sheet outlines the many reasons foster children and youth struggle to develop trust, including trauma or ambiguous or unresolved loss or grief. The tip sheet also includes advice for parents working with their foster or adoptive children on building trust, personal stories from children in foster care, and a list of resources and links.

The tip sheet is available on the Wisconsin Foster Care and Adoption Resource Center website:

http://www.wifostercareandadoption.org/library/1322/trust.pdf (272 KB)
 

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Resources
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3411


ICWA Contact Database

A new resource aims to utilize technology to help agencies and organizations meet legislative requirements necessary for Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) compliance. Ayazuta, which means "connect" in the Lakota language, is a comprehensive source for up-to-date and searchable ICWA contact information. The database is updated every 6 months to include:

To view these tools and more, visit:

http://www.ayazuta.com/

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Resources
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3409


Training and Conferences

Mandatory Reporter Trainings

Most States offer free mandatory reporter training to help adults mandated by law in identifying and reporting possible child abuse and neglect. Below is a list of a few State mandatory reporter training websites. For more information on training in your State, visit your State child welfare website or agency.

Child Welfare Information Gateway offers a website with State and local examples of mandatory reporting:

http://www.childwelfare.gov/responding/examples.cfm

Information Gateway also offers the State Guides and Manuals webpage where you can search for mandatory reporting guides or manuals:

http://www.childwelfare.gov/systemwide/sgm/

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Training and Conferences
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3412


Overcoming Parenting Challenges

Foster parents, adoptive parents, and kinship caregivers often encounter challenges when raising children who have gone through the child welfare system and may have experienced trauma or other difficulties. The November 2011 issue of Fostering Perspectives provides tips, strategies, and resources for parents to help them better understand the struggles their children may face and give them the tools to help move beyond those challenges.

Some of the links include information on difficult behavior, dealing with children who have been sexually abused, building trust, advice from youth on what parents can do to respond to difficult behavior, children who have witnessed domestic violence, and more.

Fostering Perspectives is sponsored by the North Carolina Division of Social Services and the Family and Children's Resource Program. Issues are available on the website:

http://www.fosteringperspectives.org/fpv16n1/v16n1.htm

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Training and Conferences
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3413


Conferences

Upcoming national conferences on child welfare and adoption through March 2012 include:

March 2012

April 2012

May 2012

Further details about national and regional child welfare and adoption conferences can be found through the Conference Calendar Search feature on the Child Welfare Information Gateway website:

http://www.childwelfare.gov/calendar/index.cfm
 

Issue Date: February 2012
Section: Training and Conferences
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=132&articleid=3414



Articles in Children's Bureau Express are presented for informational purposes only; their inclusion does not represent an endorsement by the Children's Bureau or Child Welfare Information Gateway.

Children's Bureau Express does not disclose, give, sell, or transfer any personal information, including email addresses, unless required for law enforcement by statute.


Contact us at cb_express@childwelfare.gov.

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