Children's Bureau ExpressMay/June 2001 | Vol. 2, No. 3

Table of Contents
 

Spotlight on National Foster Care Month

  • May Is National Foster Care Month
  • Efforts to Improve State Reporting on Foster Care and Adoption Are Paying Off
  • Study Examines a Successful Independent Living Program for High Risk Youth
  • Supporting the Transition to Adulthood of Youth in Foster Care
  • FosterClub: Online Resources for Foster Kids and their Parents
  • Foster Children and Medicaid
  • Attracting and Supporting Foster Families
  • Faith-based Campaigns: Answering the Call to Find Homes for Waiting Children
  • Publication Addresses New Questions and Answers About the Foster Care Independence Act

News From the Children's Bureau

  • HHS Reports New Child Abuse and Neglect Statistics
  • Highlights from the 13th National Conference on Child Abuse and Neglect
  • Children's Bureau Publishes New Guide to Child Welfare Practice After ASFA
  • Federal Agencies Seek to Further Research on Child Neglect
  • Six Communities Funded to Focus on Battered Women and Their Children
  • Applications Sought for FY 2001 Children's Bureau Discretionary Grants

Child Welfare Research

  • Abused Boys and Sons of Battered Mothers More Likely to Be Involved in Teen Pregnancies
  • Researchers Ponder Causes for Decline in Child Sexual Abuse Cases
  • "Oscar Awards" for Outstanding New Child Maltreatment Research
  • High Court Upholds Civil Commitment of Sexual Predators in Washington State
  • Study Sheds Light on Family Preservation Programs
  • Department of Justice Reports Decline in Infanticide
  • Online Bibliography Focused on Investigation and Prosecution of Child Sexual Abuse
  • New Findings on Youth Violence

Strategies and Tools for Practice

  • Online Resource Highlights Promising Practices
  • Improving Court Practice in Achieving Permanency for Children
  • Using Technology to Protect At-Risk Children

Resources

  • Intercountry Adoption: Developments, Trends, and Perspectives
  • Promoting Children's Emotional Well-Being: Messages From Research
  • Preparing Youth for Long-Term Success: Proceedings From the Casey Family Program National Independent Living Forum
  • The Impact of Adoption on Members of the Triad
  • The Promotion of Wellness in Children and Adolescents
  • Child Welfare Outcome Research in the United States, The United Kingdom, and Australia
  • Sexual Offender Treatment: Biopsychosocial Perspectives
  • The Adoption Reunion Survival Guide: Preparing Yourself for the Search, Reunion, and Beyond
  • Grandparents as Carers of Children with Disabilities: Facing the Challenges
  • Adoption is a Family Affair! What Relatives and Friends Must Know
  • Early Head Start Children and Parents Thriving
  • Ending Domestic Violence Among Latinos
  • National Center Aims to Break Cycle of Violence
  • Video Reaches Out to New Parents
  • Resource Guides for Adoptive and Special Needs Families
  • Child Trauma Academy Offers Publications, Online Courses

Training and Conferences

  • Tribal Training Sources Now Online
  • Highlighted Tribal Resource
  • New Tribal Training Manuals

Spotlight on National Foster Care Month

May Is National Foster Care Month

Take a foster family to lunch in May, or send a thank you note to people you know who are involved with foster care. Those are just a couple of the ideas suggested in the National Foster Care Month kits prepared by the Casey Family Programs National Center for Resource Family Support.

National Foster Care Month activities are a joint effort among the National Foster Care Awareness Project (in which two of the Children's Bureau's National Resource Centers participate), the National Foster Parent Association, the Child Welfare League of America, and Casey Family Programs.

The kits contain fact sheets, sample letters to local businesses and elected officials, a sample newsletter, and materials for reaching out to reporters. This year's theme, "Recognizing People Who Make a Difference," is prominently displayed in packet items. Logos showing two children making a bridge and the slogan "helping children and youth cross life's bridges" are included in an easily reproducible format.

Download packet materials from the Casey Family Programs National Center for Resource Family Support (CNC) at www.casey.org/cnc (this link is no longer available) or contact:

Kathy Barbell
Director, Casey Family Programs National Center for Resource Family Support
1808 Eye St., NW
5th Floor
Washington, DC 20006
Phone: 888-295-6727, ext. 226
Email: kbarbell@casey.org

Related Item

A bill supporting a National Foster Parents Day was introduced in Congress on February 8, 2001. For details on H.Con.Res. 24, visit Thomas, a service of the Library of Congress (http://thomas.loc.gov).

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Spotlight on National Foster Care Month
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=272


Efforts to Improve State Reporting on Foster Care and Adoption Are Paying Off

How many U.S. children are in foster care? For many years, no one could answer that question with confidence. But this summer, the Department of Health and Human Services will release reliable foster care and adoption statistics from an unprecedented 49 States and the District of Columbia. (Computer problems snarled Alaska's efforts to report.)

The data were collected and analyzed through the Federal Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS).

"This is the best data we have ever, ever had. And it's going to get better,"said HHS Children's Bureau researcher John Hargrove.

Hargrove was one of several HHS officials who were interviewed about AFCARS for an article by Cheryl Wetzstein published in the April 30 Washington Times.

The officials attributed the success of AFCARS to new Federal laws that require States to report, new financial incentives for States, and expanded technical assistance. Better computer technology also has made a big difference. States often had the data in their in-house systems, "but they just couldn't get it out," said Terry Lewis, deputy associate commissioner of the Children's Bureau.

Penelope Maza, a senior HHS researcher, said that awarding bonuses to States for increasing adoptions from foster care strongly motivates States to collect and report data accurately. "This is an example of where, because of a Federal program, there was finally some really good reason to clean up that data. And it got cleaned up," said Maza, dubbed the HHS adoption data maven by the Times article.

Better data is an essential element in achieving better outcomes for children who enter foster care, the officials noted. Said Sally Flanzer, director of HHS' Division of Data Research and Innovation, "We're in the middle of an evidence-based, data-based revolution."

Visit the AFCARS website at http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/dis/afcars/.

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Spotlight on National Foster Care Month
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=287


Study Examines a Successful Independent Living Program for High Risk Youth

Adolescents leaving the foster care system face many challenges as they work toward self-sufficiency. A privately funded program developed in 1984 by The Children's Village was created to boost the chances that this high-risk group will attain successful independence. WAY (Work Appreciation for Youth) was developed to serve adolescent boys at The Children's Village Residential Treatment Facility in Dobbs Ferry, New York. WAY was designed for children whose emotional or behavioral problems made them unlikely to succeed in a foster home. The WAY program aims to help them transition back to living with their families, to less restrictive settings, or to independent living.

The aftercare component, called the WAY Scholarship program, was the subject of a 15-year study, conducted by researchers at The Children's Village. The longitudinal study examined what happens when adolescents who leave residential treatment are provided with long-term follow-up services focused on school, work, and personal development.

The WAY scholarship program is a 5-year program with the following five core elements:

The WAY program assigns a paid, professional mentor to each student to guide him through the program and ensure delivery of services. "Counselors are to be coaches, cheerleaders, surrogate parents, advocates, teachers, and friends," states the report. Three-fourths of students had positive feelings about their counselors, who were mostly of the same gender and ethnicity.

The findings of the 15-year study, which tracked 93 high-risk foster care youth in New York City along with a comparison group of adolescents, were as follows:

Based on the findings, the authors of the study recommend the following:

The Children's Village has created a WAY Replication Unit to respond to the growing interest within and beyond the child welfare community to replicate the program elsewhere. It has been adapted in several community-based settings and a housing project complex for former homeless families in New York City. "The WAY Program has created a positive youth subculture in a neighborhood of high gang activity . . . Our young people are now imagining and planning a very different, more positive future for themselves," said Jeannette Ruffins, Director of Genesis Homes.

A copy of the executive summary of The WAY to Work: An Independent Living/Aftercare Program for High-Risk Youth is available upon request or purchase a copy of the full report for $16.95 (stock number 8048) from the Child Welfare League of America at 800-407-6273. Order a copy online at: http://www.cwla.org/pubs.

Related Item

Visit the website of the National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information to view an online copy of the report Title IV-E Independent Living Programs: A Decade in Review. (Note: this publication is no longer available.)

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Spotlight on National Foster Care Month
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=271


Supporting the Transition to Adulthood of Youth in Foster Care

Based on a two-year study funded by the Annie E. Casey Foundation, a new report aims to identify criteria that characterize high-quality practices for helping youth move from foster care to independent living. The report also provides information on programs that meet these suggested criteria.

Promising Practices: Supporting Transition of Youth Served by the Foster Care System was prepared by the National Child Welfare Resource Center for Organizational Improvement at the University of Southern Maine and the National Resource Center for Youth Services at the University of Oklahoma. This is the first document in a working draft series prepared by the National Foster Care Awareness Project, a consortium of agencies organized by Casey Family Programs.

The research team surveyed 311 independent living programs, conducted in-depth telephone interviews with 20 programs, and visited programs at 7 sites. The team also conducted a literature review and interviewed experts in the field, including youth in foster care.

The report suggests that programs should rest on the following core principles:

The report suggests that to be successful, programs should provide:

In addition to identifying criteria for successful programs, five key issues were identified as critical for youth transitioning out of foster care: early discharge, housing, health and mental health care, education, and employment.

Since the field of foster care independent living is still young, the authors note the need for testing and evaluation of the suggested practices before they can be recommended as "promising practices" for administrators and policy makers who are assisting foster youth in their transition.

A copy of the report is available online at: http://www.nrcys.ou.edu/yd/resources/publications/pdfs/promising_practices-1.pdf

To obtain a print copy, contact:

National Resource Center for Youth Services
4502 E. 41st St., Bldg. 4 West
Tulsa, OK 74135-2553
Phone: 918-660-3700
Fax: 918-660-3737

Related Item

See "Tuition Waiver Availability for Foster Care Youth" in the June 2000 issue of the Children's Bureau Express.

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Spotlight on National Foster Care Month
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=255


FosterClub: Online Resources for Foster Kids and their Parents

Foster children can gain valuable support, motivation, and insight from each other. Through an online community known as the FosterClub, these networks are forming not only among foster children but also among foster parents.

FosterClub, funded by the Wheeler Foundation, works with caseworkers and foster parents to support and empower foster kids. Until the FosterClub, there was no national "club" organization serving the more than 560,000 children in the foster care system and the nearly 20,000 youth that "age out" of foster care each year. FosterClub aims to:

FosterClub's website, http://www.fosterclub.com, contains material for foster kids. Its "Fun Stuff" section includes information on famous foster kids, contests, and message boards. There also are columns with questions and answers, personal accounts, advice, job hunting tips, and articles about living on your own. Foster children also can connect with each other through a link to a special chat room.

A companion website for "grown-ups" offers information about policy issues, how to help foster kids, becoming a foster parent, resources for support, message board, and famous foster parents. Foster parents can keep up to date on current events through a section containing articles in the popular press, research, and statistics. A section for child welfare workers—still under construction—provides news, tools, and a directory of DHHS offices. Additional resources include a reading room of suggested titles and articles on independent living.

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Spotlight on National Foster Care Month
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=273


Foster Children and Medicaid

A new report from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, examines the health care needs of foster children, and how those needs are being met through Medicaid.

The study, conducted by Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., was based on data from California, Florida, and Pennsylvania, from the years 1993, 1994, and 1995. Among the findings are the following:

The study revealed four main implications for policy and practice in serving foster children:

The Policy Brief, Children in Foster Care: Challenges in Meeting Their Health Care Needs, is available online at: http://www.mathematica-mpr.com/PDFs/fostercarebrief.pdf.

The full report is available at: http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/fostercare-health00.

To order a print copy of the full report for $13 (plus $3.50 s/h), contact:

Jackie Allen
Publications
Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.
PO Box 2393
Princeton, NJ 08543-2393
Phone: 609-275-2350
Email: jallen@mathematica-mpr.com

Related Items

See "Pediatricians Advised About Enhancing Brain Development in Young Foster Children" in the January 2001 Children's Bureau Express for an article about the new recommendations by the American Academy of Pediatrics for treating young children in foster care.

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Spotlight on National Foster Care Month
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=274


Attracting and Supporting Foster Families

Research confirms what practitioners already know—the number of children entering foster care keeps climbing, and the number of foster families is not keeping pace. A new release from the Casey Family Programs National Center for Resource Family Support (CNC) aims to help by providing a foundation for recruitment and retention efforts.

Lighting the Way: Attracting and Supporting Foster Families details 10 broad principles for promoting stable foster placements. CNC based the work on a review of published research and interviews with more than 30 practitioners and child welfare experts.

The document proposes that the following principles should guide agencies and practitioners who work with foster families:

The report explains the research and thought behind each principle and gives examples of the principles in action.

Both the full report and executive summary can be downloaded from the CNC website at http://www.casey.org/cnc/recruitment/lighting_the_way.htm. (This link is no longer available.) Request printed copies by calling Mindy Rechel at 206-352-4292, or by contacting:

Casey National Center for Resource Family Support
1808 Eye Street, NW 5th Floor
Washington, D.C. 20006
Toll Free: 888-295-6727
Phone: 202-467-4441
Fax: 202-467-4499

Related Items

Access A Community Outreach Handbook for Recruiting Foster Parents and Volunteers online at: www.hunter.cuny.edu/socwork/nrcfcpp/downloads/recruiting-foster-parents.pdf or order a print copy from the Child Welfare League of America at 800-407-6273.

See "Recruiting Families for Special Needs Children" in the May 2000 issue of the Children's Bureau Express about recruiting families for special needs children.

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Spotlight on National Foster Care Month
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=277


Faith-based Campaigns: Answering the Call to Find Homes for Waiting Children

Religious groups can be an important ally in recruiting families, providing support, and adopting children from the foster care system. The North American Council on Adoptable Children (NACAC) profiles successful programs from Judeo-Christian communities in its March 2001 Recruiting News newsletter.

Two common themes found in these programs were:

In North Carolina, the Division of Social Services works in cooperation with the General Baptist State Convention (GBSC) to recruit African American singles and couples to be adoptive and foster parents. Since 1998, the GBSC Adoption and Foster Care Ministry's staff has attended conferences, workshops, and Sunday services at churches that express interest. The Ministry's staff works with volunteer project coordinators in each of the more than 100 congregations currently participating. Outreach to other faith communities and partnerships with the State NAACP and the North Carolina Association of Black Social Workers help promote the initiative.

The Jewish Children's Adoption Network (JCAN) was founded in 1990 to place Jewish children in families where their religion and heritage would not be lost. Many of the more than 1,000 Jewish children placed have special needs. Recruitment of Jewish families is mostly by word-of-mouth through the staff's connections with Jewish family service agencies, Jewish communal organizations, rabbis, and past adoptive parents. JCAN's exchange services are free and available to the adoption community. Its database lists waiting families and the characteristics of children they are willing to adopt. JCAN's directors have found that placing children in their religious community increases the chances of finding other receptive adoptive families, who are willing to cope with special needs.

The Bandele Project in Detroit, Michigan, partnered with faith communities not only to find homes for waiting African American children, but also to provide an outlet for social and artistic activities for these children. Started in 1992 by Spaulding for Children, Bandele (an African boy's name meaning "follow me home" or "born away from home") involved 15 churches and 15 agencies in its 7-year history. A Bandele play helped the children develop self-esteem and showcased their talents and personalities to prospective adoptive families. Bandele staff learned that membership in the religious community and/or developing cultural competence in the faith community's rules and goals resulted in a successful collaboration.

Philadelphia's Faith-Based Partnership for Adoption—a coalition of faith-based social service organizations—took advantage of National Adoption Month last November to kick-off its first ever Adoption Sabbath. The weekend of presentations at churches, synagogues, and Sunday school classes, preceded by a media event, resulted in nearly 100 families coming forward to learn about adoption. It also served as a catalyst to unite faith communities with the adoption community and to strengthen joint recruitment efforts among Partnership members.

Families in the Bennett Chapel Missionary Church, located in a remote Texas town, have welcomed more than 100 children into adoptive and foster homes. The pastor and his wife spearheaded the effort to involve the congregation by adopting 2 children and fostering 2 others. The Reverend W.C. Martin arranged for the Texas Department of Protective and Regulatory Services (DPRS) to teach a training class for prospective adoptive and foster parents at his church, saving members a trip of more than 70 miles to the nearest city. From the first series of classes, 18 Bennett Chapel families finalized adoptions, followed by many more. The Chapel and close-knit community have served as a support group and recruitment mechanism for other families. They are working with DPRS to build a Family Outreach Center.

One Church, One Child is a national adoption education and recruitment project founded in 1980 by Father George Clements, a black Chicago priest who became the first priest in the U.S. to adopt a child. There are now 31 chapters operating in 31 States. Each chapter consists of a network of local churches that seek and refer prospective adoptive parents from their congregations and the community to local government social services, which has children available for adoption. The executive director of Virginia's One Church, One Child program provides tips to groups trying to work with faith communities in the "Ask the Expert" section of the newsletter.

For more information about these faith-based recruitment programs for waiting children, access NACAC's newsletter online at: http://www.nacac.org/recruitingfamilies.html

Related Items

Visit the White House website for news and speeches about Faith-Based and Community Initiatives at: http://www.whitehouse.gov/infocus/faith-based.

Visit the National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information (http://nccanch.acf.hhs.gov) for the following related item:

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Spotlight on National Foster Care Month
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=276


Publication Addresses New Questions and Answers About the Foster Care Independence Act

The National Foster Care Awareness Project has just released Frequently Asked Questions II About the Foster Care Independence Act of 1999 (FCIA) and the John H. Chafee Foster Care Independence Program. This publication picks up where FAQ I left off as more questions about implementing FCIA have arisen.

In particular, many States have questions about providing services to youth age 18 to 21 who have left foster care. States also have questions about policy changes needed in order to implement FCIA. FAQ II also addresses concerns about funding and allowable uses of FCIA funds.

Questions focus on the following areas:

The National Foster Care Awareness Project is a coalition of 19 foundations, national organizations, public and private agencies, and corporations. (Two of the Children's Bureau's National Resource Centers participate in the Project.) The report is available online through the Casey Family Programs website at: http://www.casey.org/advocacy/FAQ2_FINAL.pdf as well as on the websites of many NFCAP partners.

Related Item

See "Answers to Foster Care Independence Questions" in the April 2000 Children's Bureau Express, which discusses the first volume in this series, Frequently Asked Questions About the Foster Care Independence Act of 1999 and the John H. Chafee Foster Care Independence Program.

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Spotlight on National Foster Care Month
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=275


News From the Children's Bureau

HHS Reports New Child Abuse and Neglect Statistics

National statistics continue to indicate a decline in child abuse and neglect, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services reported in April.

States had reported that just over 900,000 children were victims of child maltreatment in 1998. That number dropped to 826,000 in 1999.

The incidence rate of children victimized by maltreatment also declined to 11.8 per 1,000 children, a decrease from the 1998 rate of 12.6 per 1,000. In a trend that began six years ago, the number of victimized children has decreased approximately 19.2 percent from a record of 1,018,692 in 1993. Parents continue to be the main perpetrators of child maltreatment.

"We are encouraged by the continuing decline in the number of children who are maltreated, but it is nevertheless unacceptable that so many children are suffering," said HHS Secretary Tommy Thompson. "We will continue to encourage States to do everything they can to prevent child abuse and neglect. We must remain committed to ensuring that all children live in safe, permanent and loving homes."

The complete findings of States' reports to the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) are published in Child Maltreatment 1999. The report is available on the Children's Bureau website (http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/publications) in html or PDF format. For a print copy, contact the National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information by phone at 800-FYI-3366 or by email at nccanch@caliber.com.

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: News From the Children's Bureau
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=284


Highlights from the 13th National Conference on Child Abuse and Neglect

The theme of the 13th National Conference on Child Abuse and Neglect, Faces of Change: Embracing Diverse Cultures and Alternative Approaches, was reflected in the plenary sessions, skills seminars, roundtable sessions, think tanks, and more than 200 knowledge-building workshops. An exhibit hall, poster sessions, film forum, and field trips rounded out the conference agenda. Held April 23-28 in Albuquerque, New Mexico, the conference attracted approximately 2,200 child welfare professionals from around the world.

Opening Dialogues

Maria Hinojosa was the inspirational keynote speaker at the opening plenary session of the conference. Hinojosa, a New York-based correspondent for Cable News Network (CNN), also hosts NPR's "Latino USA," a weekly national program reporting on news and culture in the Latino community. She has received numerous awards and honors, and authored the books Crews—Gang Members Talk with Maria Hinojosa (1995) and Raising Raul: Adventures Raising Myself and My Son (1999).

Using stories from her childhood, and vignettes from Raising Raul, Hinojosa shared with the audience vivid images of her experiences growing up and raising children in a multicultural society. Lamenting that we don't talk to each other enough or listen to each other's stories, she pointed out that raising children comes with no manual, and that cultural differences in raising children are wide and vast. She encouraged parents to give their children experiences so they will see the difference and live it.

Hinojosa urged the audience to learn to engage in conversation with others as equals. She described strategies for opening dialogue among parents and children, so that we can all move forward in an increasingly diverse America, and stressed that we have to be willing to admit our prejudices in the process. Since the recent U.S. Census shows that this country is changing, she challenged the audience to think about what we must do in response. She emphasized the importance of finding humanness in each one of us that allows us a common ground. She left the audience with a passionate appeal to live a life of difference, always opening our ears to differences, while asking and listening without judgement.

Saving Our Sons

Dr. James Gabarino, co-director of the Cornell University's Family Life Development Center, Professor of Human Development, and author of Lost Boys: Why Our Sons Turn Violent and How We Can Save Them, spoke about the problem of youth violence in the United States. He emphasized that the subtle ecological context in which troubled children develop can have a dramatic role in later violent juvenile delinquency and murder. Gabarino also noted that some cultural differences in child rearing practices produce no intrinsic difference in child development and should be embraced as pure diversity. Some cultures have different goals for human development; e.g., Hawaiian cultures maintain a sense of collective identity by having children sleep with parents. When culture can harm is when it reflects an incorrect understanding of child development, e.g., genital mutilation of girls. "All cultures are imperfect," said Gabarino. "Every culture has something to teach and to learn."

Gabarino outlined the universal needs of children as:

He found that kids that kill have a "spiritual emptiness" in common. They seek out some sort of meaning from satanic or demonic sources. Spiritually empty kids also show no limits in their behavior. However, there is no single cause of adolescent violence. It is only a build-up of risk factors. For example, child maltreatment is a predictor of later violence only in the context of other accumulated risk factors, such as racism, poverty, and rejection. An important goal to helping the "lost boys" who fill our prisons is to expand their "circle of caring" through offering compassion. Children who don't have anyone who care about them don't have any context in which to apply right vs. wrong. Gabarino suggests that to transcend trauma implies "transformational grace," which children can achieve through receiving love, recognition of self-worth and talent, and reliance on deep cultural resources.

Modeling Resilience

Mr. Shane Salter, who currently serves as the Director of Foundation Giving at the Freddie Mac Foundation in Virginia, revealed the story of his personal experiences in a foster care system that was never able to provide the stable and loving home that he craved. The theme of his keynote address, "Trouble Don't Last Always: Survival in the Child Welfare System," was a story about resilience. Often children from abusive and/or neglectful families become helpless victims or perpetrators themselves, trapped in the generational cycle of abuse. However, sometimes, for whatever reason, some children are strengthened and become more determined than ever to overcome the barriers along their pathway. Shane Salter's story exemplified the capacity of the human spirit to be resilient.

Breaking a Cycle of Despair

Keynote speaker Larry Echohawk, J.D., a professor of law at the J. Reuben Clark School of Law, Brigham Young University in Utah, also discussed public policies in terms of his personal story. Echohawk, the first American Indian in U.S. history to be elected State's Attorney General (in Idaho), described the losses—cultural, historical, spiritual—suffered by his ancestors, the Pawnee, when they were driven from their home in what is now Nebraska to a reservation in Oklahoma. He said the despair from the Pawnee's relocation reverberated through generations, and referenced his own family's trials with alcoholism, domestic violence, and child abuse. Eventually, from his family's pain, promise emerged—his father stopped drinking, and Echohawk and his six siblings all had the opportunity to attend college. Three of them became lawyers.

But, Echohawk said, many families in Indian Country remain caught in an intergenerational cycle of alcoholism, substance abuse, domestic violence, child abuse and neglect, school dropouts, teen pregnancies, and criminal behavior. To break the cycle, he said, is a community responsibility—together we must build upon the strengths of our cultures and diverse backgrounds. He shared a belief held by the Iroquois Confederacy that we must think seven generations ahead. "We must hold the hands of the seventh generation" to ensure that they grasp promise and not violence, he said.

Doing No More Harm

Dr. Erylene Piper Mandy, a noted psycho-cultural anthropologist and Executive Director of the Center for Cross Cultural Experience, shared messages drawn from her studies and her own life-changing experiences in a powerful address that provided a thought-provoking challenge to child welfare professionals. She quickly gained the attention of the audience by asserting that professionals must relearn what they have been taught, and reframe their assumptions, before they can become better helpers. Mandy stressed her mantra, the first rule of helping, "Do no more harm!" She emphasized that we are all "diverse," coming from different places, with different ethnic combinations in our backgrounds. Our helping strategies must take this into account, and seek to balance the strengths and weaknesses of ourselves, as well as those we serve. Mandy acknowledged that conference attendees would not return home able to create ideal helping systems. But she sent participants away from the conference with the mission to be passionate about their jobs and know that truly helping even one child can make a difference.

Visiting a Pueblo

The Isleta Pueblo, a conference experiential learning opportunity, is one of many sovereign Native American Pueblos surrounding Albuquerque. It comprises 4,800 tribal members (one-fourth children, one-eighth elders). Following a tour of the Pueblo, which included a visit to a church dating back to the early 17th century, conference participants were treated to Native American food and a presentation by a Pueblo social worker on child welfare issues.

Caroline Dailey, LISW, mentioned that the primary issues affecting the Pueblo inhabitants were alcohol abuse, domestic violence, and a high unemployment rate. The combination of these issues often leaves parents unable to function normally, resulting in widespread child neglect. Most out-of-home placements are with relatives, or if none are available, the child is placed with another member of the community. Placements are higher around the holidays when alcohol abuse increases. Other problems include a high rate of single mothers who cannot get child support from their common law husbands, underreported sexual abuse, and a high suicide rate among young men.

Dailey explained that a new casino on the Pueblo grounds does not offer much hope for financial relief since the non-native owner hires about one-fourth of his staff from outside the Pueblo. Participation in a nearby domestic violence education and advocacy program has resulted in a positive trend of more reporting. There is also a new adult day care program on the Pueblo grounds. Pueblo social workers collaborate and coordinate service delivery for the Indian Health Service and the Women's, Infants, and Children nutrition (WIC) program. For Child Abuse Prevention Month, several awareness and educational activities, such as poster contests, are conducted in the schools, to provide a safety net for Pueblo children at home.

Ordering Audiotapes

To order professionally recorded audiotapes of any of the conference sessions, contact:

Conference Recording Service, Inc.
1308 Gilman St.
Berkeley, CA 94706
Phone: 510-527-3600
Fax: 510-527-8404
Website: http://www.conferencerecording.com

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: News From the Children's Bureau
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=282


Children's Bureau Publishes New Guide to Child Welfare Practice After ASFA

Since its enactment in 1997, the Adoption and Safe Families Act continues to influence and shape the nation's efforts to ensure the safety, permanent placement, and well-being of children. A new guide from the Children's Bureau can help practitioners navigate the still-unfolding landscape of the child welfare field after ASFA.

Rethinking Child Welfare Practice Under the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 covers:

The Guide is based on the findings of an advisory group comprised of child welfare practitioners, social work educators, representatives of child welfare organizations and advocacy groups, and Federal staff. The group was asked to:

The Guide is designed for use by professionals working in all components of the child welfare system as well as other agencies and community-based organizations who work with families in the child welfare system. In particular, the Guide will be useful to trainers, administrators, program managers, and supervisors.

To order a print copy, contact: National Child Welfare Resource Center for Family-Centered Practice
1150 Connecticut Ave., NW
Suite 1100
Washington, DC 20036
Phone: 800-628-8442
Fax: 202-628-3812
Email: info@cwresource.org

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: News From the Children's Bureau
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=253


Federal Agencies Seek to Further Research on Child Neglect

New research opportunities in the field of child neglect were announced recently by the Federal Child Neglect Research Consortium, a group comprising components of the National Institute of Health, the Children's Bureau, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention with the Department of Justice, and the Education Department's Office of Special Education Programs.

According to the Program Announcement (PA-01-060), published in February, the Consortium invites applications “that will enhance our understanding of the etiology, extent, services, treatment, management, and prevention of child neglect.”

The PA follows on a Request for Applications (RFA) issued in 1999 for 5-year grants focusing on Research in Child Neglect. The Consortium awarded 15 grants under that RFA.

For a complete copy of the PA, including application instructions, visit http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-01-060.html.

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: News From the Children's Bureau
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=279


Six Communities Funded to Focus on Battered Women and Their Children

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the U.S. Department of Justice have funded demonstration projects in six communities focused on collaborative interventions for battered women and their children.

The projects will implement guidelines published by the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges (NCJFCJ) in Effective Interventions in Domestic Violence and Child Maltreatment: Guidelines for Policy and Practice, also known as the Greenbook. Along with funding, Greenbook demonstration sites will receive technical assistance and participate in a national evaluation. The Federal agencies plan to fund the project for at least 3 years and up to 5 years.

Communities must collaborate with local domestic violence service and advocacy providers, public child welfare agencies, and the juvenile, dependency, or family courts.

The Greenbook demonstration site grants were awarded to El Paso County, Colorado; Grafton County, New Hampshire; Lane County, Oregon; San Francisco; Santa Clara County, California; and St. Louis County, Missouri.

For copies of the NCJFCJ guidelines, Effective Interventions in Domestic Violence and Child Maltreatment: Guidelines for Policy and Practice, call NCJFCJ at 775-784-6012.

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: News From the Children's Bureau
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=278


Applications Sought for FY 2001 Children's Bureau Discretionary Grants

Wanted: Applications for discretionary grants in the areas of adoption, child abuse and neglect, and child welfare.

The Children's Bureau (CB) within the Administration on Children, Youth and Families (ACYF), Administration for Children and Families (ACF) will award competitive grants for Fiscal Year 2001 in the following areas:

Applications must respond to one of the priority areas described in the announcement package. The announcement package is available online at http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb under Funding Announcements, on the Children's Bureau website. The required Federal forms are available online at http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ofs/grants/form.htm. (Editor's note: this link is no longer available.) The deadline for receipt of applications is 4:30 p.m (EST)., June 15, 2001.

For more information, contact the ACYF Operations Center by phone at 800-351-2293 or by email at cb@lcgnet.com.

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: News From the Children's Bureau
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=285


Child Welfare Research

Abused Boys and Sons of Battered Mothers More Likely to Be Involved in Teen Pregnancies

Men who were physically or sexually abused as boys or who witnessed their mothers being abused are more likely to contribute to a teen pregnancy, report researchers in the February issue of Pediatrics.

The article suggests that by routinely screening boys and men for these experiences, pediatricians and other health care providers could identify boys and men at risk and counsel them about sexual practices and contraception.

In the study, 4,127 adult male members of Kaiser Permanente in San Diego were asked about childhood exposure to abuse and their sexual histories. The respondents also were asked the age of the youngest woman that they had ever gotten pregnant. (The study considered women age 19 or younger to be teenagers.)

The results showed that respondents who had been abused or who had witnessed maternal abuse were more likely than respondents who did not have those experiences to have had a sexual relationship (either as an adolescent or an adult) that resulted in a female teen becoming pregnant. Researchers reported the following findings:

In discussing their findings, the authors advocate for "continued vigilance" by pediatricians in identifying both boys and girls exposed to abuse or domestic violence as a means of preventing teen pregnancy and interrupting intergenerational cycles of abuse. The authors call for increased training of physicians in child abuse and domestic violence and better communication among pediatricians and adult practitioners. The authors of the article were Robert F. Anda, Vincent J. Felitti, Daniel P. Chapman, Janet B. Croft, David F. Williamson, John Santelli, Patricia M. Dietz, and James S. Marks.

Read the article “Abused Boys, Battered Mothers, and Male Involvement in Teen Pregnancy" in the February 2001 issue of Pediatrics (Vol. 107, No. 2), online at: http://www.pediatrics.org/cgi/content/full/107/2/e19.

Related Items

See these related articles in these past issues of the Children's Bureau Express:

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Child Welfare Research
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=257


Researchers Ponder Causes for Decline in Child Sexual Abuse Cases

Both reported and substantiated child sexual abuse cases declined in the 1990s; now researchers are trying to understand why.

A new report by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) proposes some answers and calls for further investigation. The report also explores policy implications that have emerged from this decline.

The report analyzes data from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) and the annual 50-State survey conducted by Prevent Child Abuse America. The report finds:

Possible explanations for the trend suggested in the report include one or both of the following factors:

Identifying the exact causes of the decline could lead to policy interventions. For example, laws governing the liability of reporters could be revised if intimidation is a factor in the decline. In publicizing the dramatic decline of child sexual abuse cases, OJJDP hopes to gain "increased public attention that will result in better assessment of the progress made to date in protecting children."

The Decline in Child Sexual Abuse Cases is available online at: http://www.ncjrs.org/html/ojjdp/jjbul2001_1_1/contents.html or by calling the National Criminal Justice Reference Service at 1-800-851-3420.

Related Items

See the following related publication from the National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information (http://nccanch.acf.hhs.gov):

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Child Welfare Research
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=258


"Oscar Awards" for Outstanding New Child Maltreatment Research

The Center for Child Protection at Children's Hospital, San Diego, hosted the 15th Annual Conference on "Responding to Child Maltreatment," January 22-26, 2001. The Center focuses on five broad-based programs: forensic and medical services, trauma counseling, professional education, and administration. As part of its mission, the Center strives to gain and share expertise in the areas of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of trauma to children and families, as well as conduct research.

In a repeat "performance" from the 1999 Conference, Drs. Carole Jenny and Robert Reece presented their literature review of outstanding new research during 1999-2000 in a presentation entitled, "2000 Oscar Awards." Most of the research focused on forensic medical diagnosis in child maltreatment cases.

And, the Oscars go to:

Contact information:

Carole Jenny, MD, MBA
Director, Fellowship Program in Forensic Pediatrics
Brown University School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics
and Hasbro Children's Hospital
Cooperative Care Building 140
593 Eddy St.
Providence, Rhode Island 02906
Phone: 401-444-3996
Fax: 401-444-7397
Email: cjenny@lifespan.org
Website: http://bms.brown.edu/pediatrics/hasbro/

Robert Reece, MD
Director, Institute for Professional Education
Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (MSPCC)
399 Boylston St.
Boston, MA 02116
Phone: 617-587-1500
Fax: 617-587-1582
Email: breece@mspcc.org
Website: http://www.mspcc.org

Related Items

Read an article about Dr. Jenny's research in the field of child abuse and ChildSafe, a child-protection program that she established at Hasbro Children's Hospital in Providence (http://www.brown.edu/Administration/Brown_Alumni_Magazine/ 99/3-99/elms/detective.html).

The Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children's (MSPCC's) Institute for Professional Education publishes The Quarterly Child Abuse Medical Update, which reviews the most recent medical research related to the diagnosis and understanding of child abuse and neglect from nearly 1,000 peer-reviewed medical journals. For more information and to subscribe, visit: http://www.mspcc.org.

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Child Welfare Research
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=283


High Court Upholds Civil Commitment of Sexual Predators in Washington State

Sexual predators in Washington State may be kept in jail even after completing their sentences, according to a U.S. Supreme Court decision issued January 17, 2001.

Seling v. Young, filed in 1994, concerned a challenge to Washington State's Community Protection Act of 1990. The Act allows the civil commitment of sexually violent predators who suffer mental illness or personality disorders that make them likely to be sexually violent again. The petitioner in the case, Andre Brigham Young, a six-time convicted rapist, contended that by keeping him in jail under the Community Protection Act after he had finished his prison term, the State was unconstitutionally punishing him twice for the same crime, a circumstance also known as “double jeopardy.” Young also contended that he was denied treatment required under State law.

The Supreme Court based its review of the case on the premise that Young's continued confinement was civil. By 8-1, the Court ruled that the conditions of Young's confinement did not render it punitive, and therefore that the post-sentence lock-up did not violate constitutional protections against double jeopardy.

A similar law in Kansas, known as the Sexually Violent Predator Act, was upheld by the Supreme Court in a 5-4 ruling in 1997.

In her majority opinion, Justice Sandra Day O'Connor noted that "An Act, found to be civil, cannot be deemed punitive 'as applied' to a single individual in violation of the Double Jeopardy and Ex Post Facto Clauses and provide cause for release." O'Connor also noted that sexual predators can take other actions, such as filing a civil-rights lawsuit, to try to force a State to provide proper treatment or improve conditions.

Justice John Paul Stevens, the lone dissenter, concluded that if Young's allegations about treatment deficiencies and the punitive character of his confinement were correct, "the statute in question should be characterized as a criminal law for Federal constitutional purposes."

A copy of this case is available online at http://www.supremecourtus.gov/opinions/00pdf/99-1185.pdf. (Editor's note: this link is no longer active. More information can be found at: http://supct.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/99-1185.ZO.html.

To obtain a print copy of the slip opinion, contact the Public Information Office of the U.S. Supreme Court at 202-479-3211.

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Child Welfare Research
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=252


Study Sheds Light on Family Preservation Programs

Initial findings from a three-State study suggest that policy makers and practitioners might want to rethink—but not abandon—efforts at family preservation programs.

An interim report on the study, published in January, focused on implementation of Homebuilders, a short-term, service-intensive strategy for intervening in families facing the possible removal of a child because of maltreatment. The study focused on Homebuilder programs in New Jersey, Kentucky, and Tennessee.

The program was evaluated for performance on three key goals: reducing foster care placement, maintaining the safety of children, and improving family functioning. The design for the evaluation was an experiment in which families were randomly assigned to either a Homebuilders program (the experimental group) or to other, “regular” services of the child welfare system (the control group).

Little statistical difference was found between the control and experimental groups in terms of reducing foster care placement and maintaining child safety. Experimental groups displayed better outcomes on a few items measuring family functioning in at least one State, but the differences were not consistent across States and were not maintained over time.

The authors note that the findings are consistent with previous evaluations of family preservation programs, which also have not found evidence that family preservation efforts prevent foster care placement or significantly improve family or child functioning.

But, they caution, the findings should not be considered evidence that such programs lack value. Instead, the findings underscore the complexity of finding effective ways to work with families in the child welfare system.

“The accumulation of findings suggests that the functions, target group, and characteristics of services in programs such as this need to be rethought,” the report states. Families troubled by chronic problems “need a range of service lengths and service intensities to meet the needs of child welfare clients. It is essential that policy makers, planners, and program providers maintain realistic expectations of the effects of short-term family preservation programs.”

The interim report, Evaluation of Family Preservation and Reunification Programs, was prepared for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation and the Administration for Children and Families.

A final report on the family preservation aspects of this project is forthcoming and will include further analysis and additional data on a fourth site, Philadelphia.

A copy of the January 2001 Evaluation of Family Preservation and Reunification Programs Interim Report, as well as additional reports on family preservation services, is available online at: http://aspe.os.dhhs.gov/hsp/hspyoung.htm

To order the executive summary or full report, contact:

U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services
Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
Division of Children and Youth Policy
200 Independence Ave., SW
Room 450-G
Washington, DC 20201
Fax: 202-690-5514

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Child Welfare Research
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=251


Department of Justice Reports Decline in Infanticide

Infanticide, on the rise for the past two decades, recently declined according to data from the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS).

DOJ recently released a series of charts describing homicide patterns and trends in the United States from 1976 to 1999, including rates of infanticide, or the murder of a child younger than 5.

BJS reports that over the past 20 years

Most victims of infanticide are killed by their parents. Of children killed by someone other than a parent, 82 percent were killed by males.

The statistics indicate that the younger the child, the greater the risk of infanticide. The rates for children age 1 and younger increased in the early 1990s while the rate for older children has remained constant. Infanticide of children younger than 1 has declined only recently.

Complete figures are available on the BJS website at http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs.

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Child Welfare Research
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=268


Online Bibliography Focused on Investigation and Prosecution of Child Sexual Abuse

Professionals in the field of child abuse and neglect can keep up to date on the literature pertaining to the investigation and prosecution of child maltreatment with a new, comprehensive online bibliography.

Published by the Crimes Against Children Research Center at the University of New Hampshire, the bibliography references journal articles and other publications. Currently it focuses on forensic investigation, but the Center plans to add more material on child protective services and medical investigations. Most of the citations are annotated. The bibliography is organized in two ways: alphabetically by author and by the following topic areas:

Access the bibliography online at: http://www.unh.edu/ccrc/cacbib.htm

To contribute references or abstracts or provide feedback on the bibliography, please contact:

Monique Simone
Crimes Against Children Research Center
126 Horton Social Science Center
University of New Hampshire
Durham, NH 03824
Phone: 603-862-4735
Email: monique.simone@unh.edu

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Child Welfare Research
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=270


New Findings on Youth Violence

Two recent government reports examine the ways in which exposure to violence can place children at risk for physical and mental problems. Both reports also recommend approaches to prevention and treatment.

Youth Violence: A Report of the Surgeon General, published in January, finds that youth violence has declined significantly in the last seven years, but warns against complacency and urges a public health approach to combating youth violence that emphasizes prevention. Another report, published in November 2000 by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), sounds many of the same themes and presents eight principles for addressing the problem.

The Surgeon General's report identifies risks that childhood exposure to violence pose over the course of a lifetime. This developmental perspective is intended to help researchers target interventions to the life stages in which they will be most effective.

"Clearly, the major factors in youth violence in children, especially prior to puberty, are in the family. After adolescence, that shifts and the major risk factors become peer interactions, including gangs," explains Surgeon General Dr. David Satcher. "But, without question, the role of family, the role of parents and the role of parent-child interactions are major risk factors in the development of patterns of youth violence."

The report reviews the research literature on factors that place youth at risk for, or protect them from, a violent lifestyle. Despite myths to the contrary, the report notes that

The OJJDP document reports on a June 1999 National Summit on Children Exposed to Violence, which brought together 150 professionals from diverse disciplines to develop an action plan. The participants defined the following eight principles to address the problem:

The OJJDP report suggests practical steps that professionals serving youth and families can take to put these principles into action and also provides resources and examples of successful programs.

The executive summary and full report of Youth Violence: A Report of the Surgeon General, as well as a press release, Web Cast of a news conference, transcripts of a CNN online live chat with Dr. Satcher, fact sheets, and related free resources are available online at: http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/youthviolence/youvioreport.htm. The report can also be ordered from the Knowledge Exchange Network at 1-800-789-2647.

Safe From the Start: Taking Action on Children Exposed to Violence is available online at: http://www.ncjrs.org/html/ojjdp/summary_safefromstart/index.html or by calling the National Criminal Justice Reference Service at 1-800-851-3420.

Related Items

"National Center Aims to Break Cycle of Violence" in this issue of the Children's Bureau Express,

"Pediatricians Sharpen Focus on Violence Prevention" April 2000 issue of the Children's Bureau Express

See the following publications from the National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information (http://nccanch.acf.hhs.gov):

Visit the website of the National Youth Violence Prevention Resource Center at http://www.safeyouth.org, established by the White House Council on Youth Violence as a central source of information on prevention and intervention programs, publications, research, and statistics on violence committed by and against children and teens. The Resource Center call center can be reached at 1-866-SAFEYOUTH (723-3968).

Best Practices of Youth Violence Prevention: A Sourcebook for Community Action, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, November 2000 (http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/dvp/bestpractices.htm).

Helping Your Children Navigate Their Teenage Years: A Guide for Parents, White House Council on Youth Violence, December 2000 (http://download.ncadi.samhsa.gov/ken/pdf/SVP-0013/SVP-0013.pdf).

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Child Welfare Research
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=254


Strategies and Tools for Practice

Online Resource Highlights Promising Practices

Several organizations have formed the Promising Practices Network to promote practices that have produced positive results for children and families. A work in progress, the new website presents detailed information on practices and programs that credible research or recognized experts indicate are effective in helping children, families, and communities.

The Network is a coalition of RAND, Georgia Academy, California Foundation Consortium, Colorado Foundation for Families, and the Missouri Family Investment Trust. The site currently lists approximately 100 programs organized by outcomes or “results area.” Each results area lists a "benchmark" or milestone that can help measure progress toward the desired result.

For example, the benchmark for "Children Safe at Home" is “increase the percentage of children who do not experience physical, psychological, or emotional abuse.” The benchmark for “Strong Families" is “increase the percentage of children living in a permanent home.”

One program listed under both of these results areas is Project Redirect, started in 1994 in Colorado by the El Paso County Department of Human Services. The Project works primarily with adolescents who have not been successful in traditional programs, offering intensive home-based case management services. Case managers coordinate all program services offered to the family, including tutoring, counseling, job training, and experiential learning. A 3-year evaluation found the following outcomes among families participating in the program:

Other related promising programs include:

The website also contains a bibliography and in the future it will have discussion forums and databanks of policies, procedures, and resources for technical assistance. Many other promising programs will be added in the future.

Visit the Promising Practices Network at: http://www.promisingpractices.net

To suggest a promising program, contact the Network at: promisingpractices@rand.org.

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Strategies and Tools for Practice
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=259


Improving Court Practice in Achieving Permanency for Children

A comprehensive new tool for juvenile and family courts that handle child abuse and neglect cases is now available from the Permanency Planning for Children Department of the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges.

The publication, Adoption and Permanency Guidelines: Improving Court Practice in Child Abuse and Neglect Cases, sets forth "the essential elements of best practice for the court processes that lead to a permanent home for children who cannot be reunified with their families." The guidelines are based largely on the experiences of judges and other professionals who manage cases involving abused and neglected children.

The Guidelines cover the process from the point at which the court determines reunification is not an option, to the point at which the juvenile and family court is no longer involved in the case because the child has a permanent new home.

Seven chapters cover each stage of the legal process:

Master checklists, a glossary, and several appendices with other legal resources are included. Pocket checklists to pull out for easy reference complete the manual.

To obtain a copy, contact:

National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges
Permanency Planning for Children Department
Univ. of Nevada
PO Box 8970
Reno, NV 89507
Phone: 775-784-6012
Fax: 775-784-6628
Website: http://www.pppncjfcj.org

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Strategies and Tools for Practice
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=260


Using Technology to Protect At-Risk Children

With Child Protective Services workers being stretched ever thinner, an innovative use of technology has improved abused children's access to emergency help.

The Watchful Shepherd program was created in 1993 in Washington County, Pennsylvania, by Joseph Femiani, founder of the non-profit organization The Watchful USA. Its aim is to protect children from physical abuse by means of an electronic monitoring device. "These children go to bed at night with us holding their hand," said Femiani. "They can sleep at night because they know they are safe, that someone who cares is always close by."

The device, similar to those that are used by elderly or disabled persons to summon help in emergencies, is designed to be activated by a child who is under immediate threat or fear of abuse. The initial contact is to hospital emergency personnel, who then immediately contact police if appropriate. The critical factor in this process is the ability to secure the cooperation of the at-risk families, allowing the placing of the devices in their homes. The Watchful Shepherd also provides ongoing weekly telephone contact with the child by a volunteer.

The Watchful Shepherd website notes that no reoccurrence of child abuse or neglect has been found in families that placed calls in Washington County. An unexpected outcome has been use of the device by parents who feared they were losing control and might hurt their child unless someone intervened.

The Watchful Shepherd model of child abuse prevention has been successfully implemented in 6 States and has protected over 373 families and more than 1,978 children between the ages of 3 and 17.

For more information about the Watchful Shepherd Program, visit http://www.watchful.org.

Workshops, presentations on the program, and demonstration of the equipment are scheduled by contacting:

Joseph Femiani
The Watchful Shepherd USA
6000 Waterdam Plaza Dr.
Suite 220
McMurray, PA 15317
Phone: 724-941-3339
Fax: 724-941-4750
Email: shepherd@watchful.org

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Strategies and Tools for Practice
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=263


Resources

Intercountry Adoption: Developments, Trends, and Perspectives

Selman, P. (Editor). British Agencies for Adoption and Fostering, London, United Kingdom. 2000. 555 pp. $20.00. Paperback.

More than 30 experts contributed to this anthology on the history, development, and changing patterns of intercountry adoption. Although written and published in the United Kingdom, the authors take a global view, providing a diverse range of information, opinions, and perspectives and contemplating lessons learned and to be learned. Current research covered includes:

Appendices contain information on the Hague Convention and organizations involved with intercountry adoption.

To purchase a copy, contact:

British Agencies for Adoption and Fostering
Skyline House
200 Union St.
London, SE1 0LX United Kingdom
Phone: 011-20-7593-2000
Fax: 011-20-7593-2001
Email: pubs.sales@baaf.org.uk
Website: http://www.baaf.org.uk

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Resources
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=2372


Promoting Children's Emotional Well-Being: Messages From Research

Buchanan, A.; Hudson, B. (Editors). Oxford University Press, United Kingdom. 2000. 272 pp. $45.00. Paperback.

Emotional and behavioral disorders prevent many children from reaching their full potential and continue to cause problems throughout their adult lives. Taking a "what works?" approach, leading researchers and practitioners in the fields of education, public health, socio-legal studies, and psychology share their ideas and latest research findings here. They offer strategies to improve children's lives by fostering well-being and confidence, empathy, pro-social behavior, creativity, and a sense of achievement as preventive measures for emotional and behavioral problems. Chapters cover:

This book is from the Center for Research into Parenting and Children at Oxford University, England. The Center's mission is to develop a better understanding of the well-being of parents and children; what causes health, educational, psychological and social problems in children; and how these problems can be ameliorated.

To purchase a copy, contact:

Oxford University Press, Inc.
Order Department
2001 Evans Rd.
Cary, NC 27513
Phone: 800-451-7556, 919-677-5202 within North Carolina
Fax: 919-677-1303
Email: orders@oup-usa.org
Website: http://www.oup-usa.org

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Resources
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=2373


Preparing Youth for Long-Term Success: Proceedings From the Casey Family Program National Independent Living Forum

Nollan, K. A.; Downs, A. C. (Editors). Child Welfare League of America, Inc., Washington, DC. 2000. 160 pp. $14.95. Paperback.

Research shows that adolescents in foster care achieve lower levels of education in math and reading and, after aging out of care, have more difficulty staying regularly employed and experience a higher rate of homelessness. Participants in this forum shared information on the latest trends and gaps in policy, research, and practice. Sessions covered:

Recommendations for future work in the field include increased communication among practitioners, policymakers, and researchers; collaboration on a research agenda; and more developmentally sensitive legislation that better accommodates individual and family needs.

To purchase a copy, contact:

Child Welfare League of America, Inc.
PO Box 2019
Annapolis Junction, MD 20701-2019
Phone: 800-407-6273 or 301-617-7825
Fax: 301-206-9789
Email: cwla@pmds.com
Website: http://www.cwla.org/pubs

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Resources
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=2374


The Impact of Adoption on Members of the Triad

Adoption and Ethics Series, Volume 3. Freundlich, M.; Lieberthal, J. K. Child Welfare League of America, Inc., Washington, DC. 2001. 115 pp. $18.95. Paperback.

Adoption affects each member of the triad—adoptee, birth parents, and adoptive parents—in many different ways. The adoptee may experience problems with adjustment and well-being, and have difficulties in the development of personal identity. Adoption practice and law affects the integrity and well-being of birth parents. The adoptive parents also face special challenges. The authors assess the extent to which current policy and practice meet the needs of those whom adoption is designed to serve, and raise questions about the ethical obligations of adoption professionals. They explore the psychological, social, and cultural aspects, as well as the positive and negative effects of adoption on all members of the triad. Topics include:

Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute designed the adoption and ethics series to provide an overview of the current knowledge base on key adoption policy and practice issues.

To purchase a copy, contact:

Child Welfare League of America, Inc.
PO Box 2019
Annapolis Junction, MD 20701-2019
Phone: 800-407-6273 or 301-617-7825
Fax: 301-206-9789
Email: cwla@pmds.com
Website: http://www.cwla.org/pubs

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Resources
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=2375


The Promotion of Wellness in Children and Adolescents

Cicchetti, D.; Rappaport, J.; Sandler, I.; Weissberg, R. P. (Editors). Child Welfare League of America, Inc., Washington, DC. 2000. 541 pp. $28.95. Paperback.

The concept of psychological wellness has achieved increased visibility in recent years, slowly replacing the old ideas of diagnosing and repairing established disorders. The search for pathways to wellness is being conducted in the fields of community psychology and developmental psychopathology, and through an ecological perspective on development. The authors—theoreticians, researchers, and clinicians—explore possibilities for fostering positive development in children and youth. Chapters cover:

The volume ends with recommendations for future research and applications in primary prevention and psychological wellness.

To purchase a copy, contact:

Child Welfare League of America, Inc.
PO Box 2019
Annapolis Junction, MD 20701-2019
Phone: 800-407-6273 or 301-617-7825
Fax: 301-206-9789
Email: cwla@pmds.com
Website: http://www.cwla.org/pubs

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Resources
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=2376


Child Welfare Outcome Research in the United States, The United Kingdom, and Australia

Maluccio, A. N.; Ainsworth, F.; Thoburn, J. Child Welfare League of America, Inc., Washington, DC. 2000. 151 pp. $14.95. Paperback.

Comparing outcomes of child welfare interventions is complex because different studies use differing outcome measures and various ways of describing processes, and include data on diverse groups of children with differing needs in assorted types of placement. Nevertheless, the authors review bodies of outcome research on child welfare programs in three countries so child welfare professionals can learn about many kinds of programs and strategies being used at home and abroad. Research topics include:

Selected texts are annotated in the appendix.

To purchase a copy, contact:

Child Welfare League of America, Inc.
PO Box 2019
Annapolis Junction, MD 20701-2019
Phone: 800-407-6273 or 301-617-7825
Fax: 301-206-9789
Email: cwla@pmds.com
Website: http://www.cwla.org/pubs

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Resources
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=2377


Sexual Offender Treatment: Biopsychosocial Perspectives

Coleman, E.; Miner, M. (Editors.) Haworth Press Inc., Binghamton, NY. 2000. 126 pp. $29.95. Paperback.

As public outcry and government laws lead to longer prison sentences for sexual offenders, researchers worldwide are gaining a better understanding of what causes sexual offenses and developing better treatment techniques for offenders. Selected papers from the 5th International Conference on the Treatment of Sexual Offenders present findings from research studies indicating that biology, psychology, and life-stressors all influence the sex offender's development, and treatment programs must address these issues. Chapters cover:

This volume was also published as Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality, Volume 11, Number 3, 2000.

To purchase a copy, contact:

Haworth Press Inc.
10 Alice St.
Binghamton, NY 13904-1580
Phone: 800-342-9678
Fax: 800-895-0582
Email: getinfo@haworthpressinc.com
Website: http://www.haworthpressinc.com

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Resources
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=2378


The Adoption Reunion Survival Guide: Preparing Yourself for the Search, Reunion, and Beyond

Bailey, J. J., Giddens, L. N. New Harbinger Publications, Inc., Oakland, CA. 2001. 166 pp. $13.95. Paperback.

Adoptees and birth parents are searching for—and finding—each other more and more easily, as society's attitudes and state laws recognize that everyone has a right to their original birth records and genealogy. However, making the search easier does not make the reunion easier. The authors, both adoption professionals with years of experience, provide guidance to members of the triad who are preparing to meet for the first time.

Resources include state-by-state status of adoption records, adoption-related organizations and websites, a suggested reading list, and two foreign search and registry services.

To purchase a copy, contact:

Publishers Group West
1700 Fourth St.
Berkeley, CA 94710
Phone: 800-788-3123 or 510-528-1444
Fax: 510-528-3444
Email: info@pgw.com
Website: http://www.pgw.com

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Resources
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=2379


Grandparents as Carers of Children with Disabilities: Facing the Challenges

McCallion, P.; Janicki, M. (Editors.) Haworth Press Inc., Binghamton, NY. 2000. 146 pp. $29.95. Paperback.

According to estimates, one in ten grandparents will be primary caregivers to one or more grandchildren at some point in their lives. Grandparents caring for a child with special needs share the same concerns as other grandparent carers, yet experience different and additional stresses and strains. Since these grandparents may not be legal guardians, they may not qualify for social services or the services of disability agencies, leaving themselves and their grandchild with unmet needs. Authors in this volume address:

This volume was also published in the Journal of Gerontological Social Work, Volume 33, Number 3, 2000.

To purchase a copy, contact:

Haworth Press Inc.
10 Alice St.
Binghamton, NY 13904-1580
Phone: 800-342-9678
Fax: 800-895-0582
Email: getinfo@haworthpressinc.com
Website: http://www.haworthpressinc.com

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Resources
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=2380


Adoption is a Family Affair! What Relatives and Friends Must Know

Johnston, P. I. Perspectives Press, Inc., Indianapolis, IN. 2001. 152 pp. $14.00. Paperback.

Even though nearly 20 percent of this country's population has had direct experience with adoption as a birth parent, adoptee, adoptive parent, or grandparent, the general public mostly knows about adoption from big news stories, poorly written bestsellers, and bad television. In an effort to educate the friends and family of pre-adoptive parents, and put to rest some of the urban myths surrounding the process of adoption, the author brainstormed with members of the online group Adoption Waiting Room, which she moderates for the International Council on Infertility Information Dissemination. Group members shared their experiences coping with inappropriate, impolite, and even hurtful questions or comments from people who found out that they intended to adopt. The book address such issues as:

Resource lists are sprinkled throughout the book, in the sections to which they refer. Additional support groups, Internet sites, and print materials also are provided.

To purchase a copy, contact:

Perspectives Press, Inc.
PO Box 90318
Indianapolis, IN 46290-0318
Phone or Fax: 317-872-3055
Email: ppress@iquest.net
Website: http://www.perspectivespress.com

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Resources
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=2381


Early Head Start Children and Parents Thriving

Infants and toddlers from low-income families enrolled in the Early Head Start Program have passed a preliminary evaluation with flying colors. Their parents also are thriving.

The national evaluation, which began the same year the Early Head Start Program was launched in 1995, measured child and family outcomes through the first two years of the children's lives. Recently released preliminary results from a study of 3,000 children and families show that after a year or more enrolled in the program, 2-year-old Early Head Start children outperformed a control group in cognitive, language, and social-emotional development tests. Parents in the program exhibited positive parenting behavior, reported less physical punishment, provided learning opportunities for their children at home, and experienced less stress.

Compared to control children, Early Head Start 2-year-olds showed the following:

Compared to control mothers, Early Head Start mothers were:

Early Head Start Mothers also reported lower levels of family conflict and stress related to parenting.

Early Head Start offers a full-range of services in three different formats: home-based, center-based, and mixed settings. Although the performance of children and parents in each program differed, the evaluation found the services provided were of generally high quality and produced significant impacts regardless of the format. Programs that fully implemented the Head Start Program Performance Standards scored the best results.

The evaluation will continue for another year, following the children through their third birthdays. The final evaluation, due next year, will provide more detailed information, including impact assessments for different subgroups of low-income families and effects of additional exposure to the program.

Related Item

For more information about Head Start programs, visit the website of the Head Start Information and Publication Center (HSIPC), a service of the Head Start Bureau, which supports the Head Start community and other organizations working in the interest of children and families by providing information products and services; conference and meeting support; publication distribution; and marketing and outreach efforts (http://www.headstartinfo.org).

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Resources
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=256


Ending Domestic Violence Among Latinos

Understanding culture-specific factors associated with domestic violence is a key to enhancing the effectiveness of prevention, intervention, and treatment programs in the Latino population.

One organization devoted to disseminating this type of information is the National Latino Alliance for the Elimination of Domestic Violence (the Alianza). The Alianza website describes the group as "nationally recognized Latina and Latino advocates, community activists, practitioners, researchers, and survivors of domestic violence working together to promote understanding, sustain dialog, and generate solutions to move toward the elimination of domestic violence affecting Latino communities, with an understanding of the sacredness of all relations and communities."

Formed in 1999, the Alianza has been involved in a number of projects, including:

An annotated bibliography of domestic violence literature concerning Latino communities in the United States and Latin America, prepared for the First National Policy Summit, is available on the Alianza's website. Several citations are related to the effects of domestic violence on battered women and their children.

In September 2000, the Alianza was awarded a grant from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Child and Families to further develop its organizational capacity through the Violence Intervention Program in New York City, where the Alianza's main offices are now located. The Alianza also has offices in Dunn Loring, Virginia, near Washington, DC.

Contact information:
National Latino Alliance for the Elimination of Domestic Violence
PO Box 322086
Fort Washington Station
New York, NY 10032
Toll-Free: 800-342-9908
Website: http://www.dvalianza.org

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Resources
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=266


National Center Aims to Break Cycle of Violence

A national program focusing on the effects of violence on children celebrated its one-year anniversary this May.

Supported by a grant from the U.S. Department of Justice's Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), the National Center for Children Exposed to Violence (NCCEV) was established at the Yale Child Study Center as part of its Children Exposed to Violence Initiative. The NCCEV is based on the work of the Child Development Community Policing Program, a unique police-mental health partnership created under the direction of Steven Marans of the Yale Child Study Center.

The NCCEV has three main objectives:

The NCCEV's website offers a number of resources, including:

Contact information:
The National Center for Children Exposed to Violence
Child Study Center
Yale University
School of Medicine
230 South Frontage Road
New Haven, CT 06520-7900
Phone: 1-877-49-NCCEV
Website: http://www.nccev.org

Related Items

See these related articles in the current and past issues of the Children's Bureau Express:

Search the archives of the Children's Bureau Express for other related articles, including the effects of domestic violence on children using the Search feature on this website.

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Resources
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=267


Video Reaches Out to New Parents

Babies don't come with instruction manuals, but a new video can help new parents cope and babies thrive.

Narrated by Oprah Winfrey, Begin with Love is a home video for all first-time parents and caregivers and features Dr. Kyle Pruett. A Spanish version of the video, Empieza con amor, is hosted by Christina Saralegui and features Dr. Alicia Lieberman. Both versions spotlight the world debut of Raffi's song "Blessed Be" and feature several new parents.

The video focuses on the importance of the parent/infant relationship during the first three months of life. Based on the latest research in early childhood development, the video highlights five guidelines that will help all new parents create a responsive and enriching environment for their babies:

The video was produced by the Civitas Initiative, a national, non-profit communication group whose mission is to provide educational tools to the community of adults who care for children. Harpo Entertainment Group, chaired by Oprah Winfrey, is providing ongoing production expertise and facilities for Civitas communications products, including Begin with Love.

Over 3.6 million new parents will receive the video through the Parenting Group. Other partners and sponsors of the video include Ronald McDonald House Charities, drugstore.com, Zero to Three, and The Harris Foundation.

Civitas is now developing a video and materials for grandparents about child development, their changing role as grandparents, and their importance in today's society. Civitas also will produce Fathers Matter, a series that will target dads of children ages 0-6 and will co-produce a book and website on the first three years of life.

Visit the Begin with Love website at: http://www.beginwithlove.com

A Spanish version of the website is located at: http://www.empiezaconamor.com.

The Begin with Love video can be ordered in English or Spanish for $14.95 through www.bluespin.com/vid-direct/orderform.shtml or by calling 1-800-937-6268, Monday through Friday, 7 am to 7 pm PST. (Editor's note: this link is no longer available.)

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Resources
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=265


Resource Guides for Adoptive and Special Needs Families

Three recently updated annual resource guides offer information for current and prospective adoptive families and families of children with special needs.

The National Adoption Directory, compiled by the National Adoption Information Clearinghouse (NAIC), is available online as a searchable database at NAIC's website (http://www.childwelfare.gov/nfcad/index.cfm). Search by State or by the following subject areas:

NAIC also can provide a hard copy of the Directory for a fee of $25; call toll-free 888-251-0075 or email naic@caliber.com.

Look for practical information in Adoptive Families' 2001 Adoption Guide. Prospective adoptive families can find an overview of adoption options and essays by experts on agency adoption, independent adoption, open adoption, international adoption, and adoption from foster care. Other articles feature new adoption-friendly laws and rulings, as well as personal accounts from adoptive parents on a variety of topics.

Reference sections define terms, recommend books, and list resources for all kinds of adoptive families. Specific directories include the following State-by-State listings:

Order a print version of Adoptive Families' 2001 Adoption Guide for $9.95 online at: www.AdoptiveFamiliesMagazine.com or call 1-800-372-3300. (Editor's note: the original link is no longer available. More information can be found at www.adoptivefamilies.com.)

Exceptional Parent's 30th Anniversary Resource Guide helps parents deal with the challenge of a disability. It includes directories with hundreds of organizations dedicated to specific disabilities, Parent to Parent support programs, and federally funded programs. New resources this year are a State-by-State listing of Vocational Rehabilitation Programs and a specialized Canadian Resource list of organizations. The guide also indexes all the following items that appeared throughout 2000 in Exceptional Parent magazine:

The winners of Exceptional Parent's Exceptional People Awards, who were nominated by readers and President's Committee on Mental Retardation are also profiled.

The directories listed in the Exceptional Parent's 2001 Resource Guide are available online at: http://www.eparent.com. A comprehensive print version can be ordered for $19.95 through the website or purchased at Barnes and Noble bookstores.

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Resources
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=264


Child Trauma Academy Offers Publications, Online Courses

Visit the Child Trauma Academy's website for online training for professionals and other resources in the field of child abuse and neglect. The Child Trauma Academy was created through a partnership between Texas Children's Hospital and Baylor College of Medicine.

One of the Academy's publications, entitled Understanding Juvenile and Family Court, is directed at professionals or caregivers who become involved in the court system. The publication summarizes the steps in the judicial process, defines many legal terms, answers frequently asked questions, and includes a list of references.

The Child Trauma Academy also offers free online courses covering creative and practical approaches to understanding and working with maltreated children. A recent course taught by the Child Trauma Academy's founder, Dr. Bruce D. Perry, provided an overview of the issue of childhood trauma, including physiological and psychological aspects of trauma-related problems, and how to develop strategies for finding community resources for traumatized children. Upcoming courses will focus on brain development and promoting optimal development in children.

A recent featured article on the site, "The Neuroarcheology of Childhood Maltreatment: The Neurodevelopmental Costs of Adverse Childhood Events," describes the permanent brain damage that can result from child abuse and is based on Perry's 15 years of experience working with maltreated children.

Visit the Child Trauma Academy online at: http://www.childtraumaacademy.com

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Resources
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=269


Training and Conferences

Tribal Training Sources Now Online

Tribal Sources of Training is a newly launched area of the Child Welfare Training Resources (CWTR) Online Network (http://nccanch.acf.hhs.gov/profess/workforce/index.cfm). (Note from the Editor: This link is no longer working.) The Online Network is part of the CWTR Project operated by the National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information. The new area of the website lists Tribal organizations that provide training on Indian Child Welfare and related issues. This listing is provided for informational purposes only and does not constitute an endorsement by the Clearinghouse or Children's Bureau.

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Training and Conferences
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=2382


Highlighted Tribal Resource

One of the Tribal organizations listed on the CWTR Online Network is The South Canadian Resource Center, a small Indian child welfare training organization staffed by an attorney and a social worker. The Center's training programs reflect the organization's focus on Federal and State law as the basis for the child welfare system. The Center provides Basic and Advanced Indian Child Welfare Training for a mixed audience of attorneys, judges, State administrators, State case workers, Tribal officers, and Tribal social workers. The trainings address the difficult tasks specific to tribal workers. The Center can adapt the trainings on request to address specific issues that the participants desire to resolve.

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Training and Conferences
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=2383


New Tribal Training Manuals

Several training manuals and materials addressing basic and advanced Indian Child Welfare topics have been developed by the South Canadian Resource Center. The following description provides information on one of the Center's recently published manuals.

Indian Child Welfare Policy and Procedures Manual, 2000 Edition. 163 pp. Indian Child Welfare Sample Forms Manual. South Canadian ICW Resource Center, Norman, OK. 2000. 120 pp. Comb bound. $129.00 set with disk.

Numerous agencies provide social services to Indian children and their families under the guidance of the Indian Child Welfare Act Program. The South Canadian Indian Child Welfare Resource Center created this manual in 1992 to provide step-by-step procedures, consistent with federal law, for the Indian child welfare worker. The 2000 update contains new sections addressing the storage of computer records, worker safety issues, cases transferred from state courts, reversing transfers, and case management. Chapters also cover:

The forms manual provides master copies of 50 office forms, which also are presented in Microsoft Word 7 format on a 3.5 inch disk.

To purchase a copy, contact:

South Canadian ICW Resource Center
4105 Quail Dr.
Norman, OK 73072
Phone: 405-447-8519
Fax: 405-447-0739
Email: ricshort@aol.com
Website: coming soon

The South Canadian Resource Center has also published the following training materials:

For more information on locating Tribal sources of child welfare training, or other sources of child welfare training, visit the Child Welfare Training Resources Online Network at http://nccanch.acf.hhs.gov/profess/workforce. (Note from the Editor: This link is no longer working.)

Issue Date: May/June 2001
Section: Training and Conferences
URL: https://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=17&articleid=2384



Articles in Children's Bureau Express are presented for informational purposes only; their inclusion does not represent an endorsement by the Children's Bureau or Child Welfare Information Gateway.

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