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May 2014Vol. 15, No. 5Well-Being of Children Adopted From Foster Care

Although adoption is generally viewed as a positive outcome for children residing in foster care, there is little research comparing the life circumstances and well-being of children adopted from foster care with those who remain in foster care. An upcoming article in Children and Youth Services Review, "Health and Well-being of Children Adopted From Foster Care," compares these two populations, using data from the 2011–2012 National Survey of Children's Health, which was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau, and conducted by HHS, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics.

The following are examples of the study's findings:

  • Children adopted from foster care have more favorable home environments than children remaining in foster care.
  • Adopted children are more likely to have consistent health insurance coverage.
  • Finding adoptive homes for children in foster care is less costly to the public than having children remain in foster care or returning them to high-risk birth families.
  • The favorable home environments for adopted children are not associated with fewer child health, achievement, or behavior problems than for children who remain in foster care.

"Health and Well-Being of Children Adopted From Foster Care," (in press), by Nicholas Zill and Matthew Bramlett, Children and Youth Services Review, 40, is available for purchase here: