- June 2022
- Vol. 23, No. 5
The Impact of COVID-19 on Reunification for Child Welfare-Involved Families
COVID-19 has been a source of disruption and stress for families and systems and has significantly changed the way child welfare operates in its day-to-day business. At the start of the pandemic, many courts and child welfare agencies suspended or reduced in-person family time, which is a critical part of the reunification process and has several benefits to attachment and well-being. Family time also provides an opportunity for child welfare workers to assess the progress of birth parents in meeting reunification goals. To help mitigate the challenges to in-person visits, many agencies implemented virtual family time to their clients' case plans. However, meeting virtually can have its own set of challenges since some families may not have easy access to technology and the internet or have children who are too young to engage online or have special needs.
The article "The Impact of COVID-19 on Child Welfare-Involved Families: Implications for Parent–Child Reunification and Child Welfare Professionals" in Developmental Child Welfare features a mixed-methods study that used survey data gleaned from 196 child welfare professionals from August to September 2020. The study looked at the impact COVID-19 has had on birth and foster parents, children, and child welfare professionals as well as its implications and associated challenges for parent-child contact and reunification though the perspectives of child welfare-involved professionals.
- How has COVID-19 impacted the work lives and responsibilities of child welfare-involved professionals?
- How has COVID-19 impacted child welfare-involved families from the perspective of the professionals who work with them?
- How do the perceived impacts vary by professional role (i.e., child welfare worker, therapist, attorney)?
- Lack of in-person visits and subsequent weaker parent-child bonds
- Lack of access to services and supports
- Child welfare and legal system failures
- Stress and functioning among foster parents and children in foster care
- Suspected unreported abuse
- "Series Addresses Structural Racism Through Equitable Policymaking for Black Families" (Children's Bureau Express, Vol. 23, No. 1)
- "Supporting the Well-Being of Children, Youth, and Families After the Pandemic Is Over" (Children's Bureau Express, Vol. 22, No. 7)
- Parolin, Z. (2021). "What the COVID-19 pandemic reveals about racial differences in child welfare and child well-being: An introduction to the special issue." Race and Social Problems, 13(1), 1–5.
- Herrenkohl, T. I., Scott, D., Higgins, D. J., Klika, J. B., Lonne, B. (2021). "How COVID-19 is placing vulnerable children at risk and why we need a different approach to child welfare." Child Maltreatment, 26(1)