- Family Assessment Guidelines for Child Welfare
New guidelines are now available on the Children's Bureau website to help State and Tribal agencies conduct comprehensive family assessments for families involved with the child welfare system. Comprehensive family assessments take into account not only presenting symptoms but also underlying causes for behaviors and conditions affecting children. These assessments may help agencies develop plans that match services to real needs and address families' key issues in the timeframes required by law.
Comprehensive family assessments are distinct from traditional assessments that have a more narrow focus on a specific topic, such as safety or development. Instead, comprehensive family assessments incorporate information collected through other assessments to provide a broad picture of family issues. Agency workers conducting family assessments strive to:
- Recognize patterns of parental behavior over time
- Examine family strengths and protective factors
- Address the overall needs of the family and children that affect children's safety, well-being, and permanency
- Consider contributing factors such as domestic violence, substance abuse, health problems, and poverty
- Incorporate information from other assessments and sources to develop a service plan
The new guidelines focus on these components and outline a 10-step process for comprehensive family assessment. This process is illustrated through an extensive case study. Administrative supports for comprehensive assessment also are discussed, including policies, services, staff training, supervision, coordination with other agencies, and accountability and evaluation.
The Comprehensive Family Assessment Guidelines for Child Welfare were developed through a coordinated effort of the Children's Bureau Training and Technical Assistance Network (http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/assistance). The publication can be accessed on the Children's Bureau website at http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/resource/cfa-guidelines-for-cw. For more information, contact the National Resource Center for Family-Centered Practice and Permanency Planning (http://www.nrcpfc.org/).
- Medicare Prescription Drug Benefits Coming Soon
On December 8, 2003, President George W. Bush signed into law the Medicare Prescription Drug Improvement and Modernization Act of 2003 (P.L. 108-173). Among other provisions, this law offers seniors and individuals with disabilities insurance coverage for prescription drugs. Medicare prescription drug plans may provide significant assistance with prescription drug costs for Medicare recipients involved with the child welfare system, including grandparent caregivers and children with special needs.
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) offer a monthly update to provide the public and other interested parties with up-to-date information on CMS's efforts to implement the new legislation. This update will contain information on what CMS accomplished in the past month as well as major activities scheduled for the coming month, such as key implementation dates and regulations being published. Automatic notification of updates is available. (Editor's note: This link is no longer available.)
The Medicare website also offers a number of publications regarding the Medicare Prescription Drug Improvement and Modernization Act of 2003 that may help recipients make decisions regarding their coverage.
- Conference on Substance-Exposed Newborns
The National Abandoned Infants Assistance (AIA) Resource Center, together with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' Children's Bureau and Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, will hold an October conference designed to bring together a diverse set of stakeholders concerned about substance-exposed newborns and their families.
This national conference will provide an opportunity for a broad mix of professionals to discuss Federal, State, and local policies and exemplary practices that address the specialized needs of substance-exposed newborns. Multidisciplinary teams from several States will describe collaborative efforts to identify and address the needs of substance users and their newborns. Plenary sessions, facilitated discussions, community workgroups, and workshops will give attendees the opportunity to exchange information and learn about the most recent research and promising practices in the area of substance-exposed newborns and their families.
- Ensuring Educational Rights for California's Foster Youth
The National Child Welfare Resource Center on Legal and Judicial Issues (NRCLJI) has collaborated with a number of other national and California-based legal and youth organizations to develop materials to implement California's Assembly Bill 490. This bill is designed to ensure that children and youth in foster care have stable school placements and equal access to necessary educational services and resources. The bill directs education and school placement decisions to be guided by the best interests of the child. It also requires every school agency to have a foster care liaison on staff whose duties include facilitating appropriate educational placements and ensuring that records are transferred and resources are made available.
The materials developed by NRCLJI are designed to be used by court officers, attorneys, agency staff, parents, foster parents, social workers, and school personnel to learn about their specific roles and responsibilities in ensuring that youth in foster care receive their full educational rights. In addition, the duties of the school agency's foster care liaison are described.
To access the materials, visit the NRCLJI website at http://www.americanbar.org/groups/child_law/what_we_do/projects/rclji.html.
- Substance Abuse Guide for Child Welfare Workers
To help child welfare workers recognize the impact of substance abuse on families, the National Center on Substance Abuse and Child Welfare has released a new publication, Understanding Substance Abuse and Facilitating Recovery: A Guide for Child Welfare Workers.
The purpose of the guide is to help child welfare workers:
- Recognize when substance abuse is a factor in child welfare
- Support and facilitate treatment and recovery
- Enhance collaboration with substance abuse treatment partners
- Improve outcomes for children of parents with substance use problems
The guide is available online at www.ncsacw.samhsa.gov/files/understandingSAGuide.pdf (PDF 416 KB).
- Children's Bureau Discretionary Grants Available
Several separate Children's Bureau funding announcements will be published this year, rather than one consolidated announcement.
The first discretionary grant announcement, released on May 4, announced the availability of funds for Tribes, Tribal organizations, and migrant programs for community-based child abuse prevention programs. The funds must be used to support effective child abuse prevention activities that include an emphasis on strengthening marriages, reaching out to fathers, program evaluation, and enhancing linkages with the Community-Based Child Abuse Prevention Program State Lead Agency. It is anticipated that three grants will be made (one each for a Tribe,Tribal organization, and migrant program), and each grant will be $143,000. The deadline for submission of applications is July 5.
For general information about Children's Bureau discretionary grants, visit the Children's Bureau website at http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/grants/discretionary-grant. For information on specific grants, visit the following websites:
- Grants.gov (www.grants.gov). Search for Children's Bureau grant opportunities under the Agency Category "Department of Health and Human Services" (HHS) or under the Funding Activity Category "Social Services and Income Security." Users also can apply for Children's Bureau discretionary grants online, only through Grants.gov.
- ACF Grant Opportunities (http://www.acf.hhs.gov/grants/open/foa/). Children's Bureau and other Administration on Children and Families (ACF) funding announcements are posted here.
Grants.gov has an option for requesting automated notification of grant availability and allows users to select multiple categories of funding announcements for automatic notification.
Print copies of funding announcements will not be mailed routinely but will be sent only to those who request them. For print announcements or other information about the grants process, call the ACYF Operations Center at (866) 796-1591.
Spotlight on Diversity and Racial Equity in Child Welfare
Spotlight on Child Welfare Data and Technology
Child Welfare Research
Review this months research
- Study Explores Foster Parent Retention
With more than 500,000 children in foster care across the country, child welfare agencies are continually challenged to retain qualified foster parents. Understanding Foster Parenting: Using Administrative Data to Explore Retention, a new study published by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE), uses data from child welfare agencies in New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Oregon to explore foster parent retention.
The report presents some surprising findings:
- Length of service in foster parenting is shorter than many would expect. The estimated median length of service for foster parents in this study, 8 to 14 months, contrasts with the mean time of 5 to 8 years reported in earlier studies.
- Burnout does not appear to be a factor in length of service. Higher foster home occupancy and higher levels of care for infants, adolescents, and children with special needs were consistently associated with greater length of service. This finding does not support the common notion that burnout caused by high levels of placement and demand of children in care is a factor in length of service.
- A relatively small group of foster parents provides most of the foster care. In the three States studied, one-fifth of the foster parent population provides 60 percent to 80 percent of all foster care.
The research team conducted three types of analyses: 1) characteristics of foster parents over multiple years, 2) utilization of licensed homes, and 3) longitudinal analysis modeling the length of service in foster parenting. Consistent patterns of foster parent activity were identified:
- At least one in five foster homes exited the system each year.
- On average, homes had between one and two children at the same time.
- Homes with nonwhite foster parents, those in rural or nonmetropolitan counties, and those with two parents cared for more children at a time and had higher rates of placement turnover.
- Foster parents caring for infants were typically younger, urban, and in two-parent homes.
- Foster parents caring for adolescents were likely to be older, rural, and in single-parent homes.
- Foster parents with greater length of service were likely to be older, live in a metropolitan area, and be engaged in more intense foster parenting activity, as indicated by higher occupancy rates and care for infants, adolescents, and children with special needs.
- No significant association was found between length of service and race.
Readers should note two important limitations. First, experiences of three States cannot be generalized to foster parents in other States. Second, these analyses do not provide much insight as to why foster parents stay or leave.
Print copies of this report can be ordered from ASPE at http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/05/foster-parenting.
Another study released in January by ASPE, Male Perpetrators of Child Maltreatment: Findings from NCANDS, explores the characteristics of male perpetrators of child maltreatment, the patterns of maltreatment and outcomes associated with male perpetrators, and a mother co-perpetrator's influence on the circumstances or outcomes. This report is available at http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/05/child-maltreat/report.pdf (PDF - 368 KB).
- Program Reforms Can Improve Foster Youth Outcomes
A recent report from the Northwest Foster Care Alumni Study provides new information about how foster youth fare as adults and how changes in foster care services could improve their lives.
The study examined case records for 659 youth formerly in foster care (alumni) who were served by Casey Family Programs or the Oregon or Washington State child welfare agencies between 1988 and 1998. Researchers also interviewed 479 of these individuals between September 2000 and January 2002. Findings were collected in three areas: mental health, education, and employment and finances.
Key findings include:
- Compared to the general population, a disproportionate number of alumni had mental health disorders such as depression, social phobia, or post-traumatic stress disorder. However, recovery rates for many disorders were similar to those of the general population.
- Alumni achieved a high school education at rates similar to the general population; however, they used GED programs at six times the rate of the general population.
- Alumni experienced higher rates of unemployment than the general population and lacked health insurance at almost twice the rate of the general population.
The authors then conducted statistical simulations to estimate the effect that improving specific foster care services might have on youth outcomes. When foster care experiences (such as placement history and experience, education services and experience, and resources upon leaving care) were optimized, estimated outcomes improved, revealing the potential power of targeted program improvements. Based on these findings, the authors make a number of recommendations for policy and program reform.
The full report, Improving Family Foster Care: Findings from the Northwest Foster Care Alumni Study, can be found on the Casey Family Programs website at www.casey.org/resources/publications/pdf/improvingfamilyfostercare_es.pdf (PDF 460 KB).
- Another Look at the Impact of ASFA
A working paper from the Chapin Hall Center for Children at the University of Chicago explores the effects of the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 (ASFA) on children's chances of being adopted and time for adoptions to take place. Adoption Dynamics: An Update on the Impact of the Adoption and Safe Families Act suggests that the passage of ASFA enhanced the effect of State policies and practices already in place to speed up the adoption process.
The purpose of the study was both to understand the effects of ASFA and to expand statistical methods of looking at adoption outcomes. Researchers used data from the Multistate Foster Care Data Archive, which includes placement records for about 1.67 million children in foster care. Data from seven archive States (Alabama, Illinois, Michigan, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, and Ohio) were used. Instead of looking at data for a particular point in time, researchers looked at how cohorts of children, entering the foster care system during the same year, fared over a longer period.
Conclusions reached by the authors include:
- Children who were in care after ASFA was passed appear to move to adoption more quickly. However, the authors suggest this trend was already in effect before ASFA was passed. (Data indicate that the probability of adoption increased significantly between 1990 and 1997.)
- The speed of adoptions appears to have increased during the second half of the 1990s. For early cohorts (1990-1995), the number of children adopted peaked in the fifth year after admission to foster care; for children admitted in 1996 and later, the number of adoptions each year after admission peaked in the fourth year.
- The report also suggests there has been a slowdown in the reunification process, which the authors believe may be an unintended consequence of ASFA. This may be at least as far-reaching as the impact of faster adoptions, given that many more children in foster care eventually return home than are adopted.
The authors note that as more data become available for later cohorts in the study, findings are subject to substantial change.
Adoption Dynamics: An Update on the Impact of the Adoption and Safe Families Act, by Fred Wulczyn, Kristen Hislop, and Lijun Chen, is available on the Chapin Hall website at www.chapinhall.org/research/report/adoption-dynamics-0
Read more about the impact of ASFA in earlier issues of Children's Bureau Express:
- "Unclear Whether ASFA Speeds Adoption, Slows Reunification" (May 2003)
- "GAO Report Examines ASFA's Impact on Foster Care" (Aug/Sept 2002)
- Education Advocacy Model for Foster Children
Children in foster care face a number of experiences—including abuse, neglect, separation from family members, and frequent changes of foster homes and schools—that place them at risk for educational difficulties. Yet the educational needs of children in foster care often go unmet. Project Achieve, a model program developed by Advocates for Children (AFC) of New York, has shown promise in ensuring children in, or at risk of, foster care placement receive appropriate educational services. The program is documented in a new report, Project Achieve: A Model Project Providing Education Advocacy for Children in the Child Welfare System.
Conceived as a model for bringing AFC's education expertise and advocacy directly to families and staff members at foster care and preventive services agencies, the program employs three key strategies:
- Providing individual case assistance and advocacy to all clients of a child welfare agency with unmet education-related needs
- Enhancing the ability of agency service staff, caseworkers, and supervisors to identify and solve routine school-related issues
- Empowering and educating parents and young people to navigate the New York City Department of Education (DOE) and other agencies providing educational services
The Project Achieve model was first piloted at Louise Wise Services (LWS), a private preventive services and foster care agency in New York City, from the fall of 2002 to the spring of 2004. During that period, Project Achieve responded to 134 requests for assistance. Preliminary findings include:
- Impact on students. The project was successful in resolving school-related problems for 89 percent of the students referred for assistance. Problems addressed included special education issues; children at risk for placement because of behavior problems and/or academic failure; issues causing educational disruption, such as problems with enrollment, access to school, transfers, and transportation; and assisting adolescents in making informed educational choices and planning for transition out of foster care and into adulthood.
- Impact on families. Anecdotal evidence suggests that Project Achieve's assistance with educational issues enhanced family stability, expedited family reunifications, and speeded adoptions.
- Impact on agency staff. Requests for assistance by LWS staff members decreased over the course of the project, suggesting that Project Achieve increased the capacity of LWS staff to identify and address educational issues.
AFC is currently replicating the model project at two other foster care and preventive services agencies in New York City. The full report can be downloaded at http://www.advocatesforchildren.org/sites/default/files/library/projectachieve_2005.pdf?pt=1 (PDF - 495 KB).
Read more about educational supports for children in foster care in previous issues of Children's Bureau Express:
- "Promoting a Positive Educational Experience for Children in Foster Care" (October 2004)
- "Overcoming Educational Barriers for Children in Foster Care" (May 2004)
- Home Visiting Program Shows Significant Effects in First Year
Families with infants at risk for abuse or neglect who received home visitors as part of the Healthy Families New York program showed positive effects in parenting, child health and development, and parental life course development. The impact of this home visiting program was apparent at the 1-year evaluation, according to a recent report by the Center for Human Services Research at the University of Albany.
While home visiting programs are widely used throughout the country as a prevention strategy for child abuse and neglect, their results have been mixed. The evaluation of the Healthy Families New York program was designed to provide data on the Healthy Families model, using rigorous randomized design methodology that compared 1,157 eligible families assigned to intervention or control groups. Families in the intervention group were enrolled in established Healthy Families programs in one of three locations in New York. Most were enrolled before the target child was born.
During the first enrollment year, intervention families received home visits from specially trained paraprofessionals who lived in the community. These visits were designed to:
- Provide education on newborn care, child growth and development, and childrearing
- Promote parent-child bonding
- Promote and support positive prenatal care
- Coordinate access to health and community resources
- Establish goals with the family
- Address family issues
Compared to the control group, families in the intervention group reported having engaged in fewer acts of abuse and neglect of their children, although there were no significant differences between the groups in the percentages of parents with substantiated CPS reports. Parents in the program delivered significantly fewer babies with low birth weights and were more likely to have health insurance for their children than were control parents. In addition, the program was able to assist some parents in reducing depression and use of alcohol, tobacco, and drugs.
Recommendations are made to continue the Healthy Families New York program with certain modifications. These modifications include:
- Ongoing screening for domestic violence, depression, and substance abuse
- Training for home visitors in discussing sensitive issues and motivating parents for change
- Strong partnerships with local agencies that provide services for domestic violence, mental health issues, and substance abuse
- Expansion of recruitment to reach more women in the early stages of pregnancy
- Training for parents on employment readiness and motivation to work
The full report, Evaluation of Healthy Families New York (HFNY): First Year Program Impacts, is available online at http://ocfs.ny.gov/main/reports/HFNY_FirstYearProgramImpacts.pdf (PDF 469 KB).
More information about home visiting is available on the Home Visit Forum, a website supported by a consortium of administrators, practitioners, and researchers representing six nationally based programs: Early Head Start, Healthy Families America, Home Instruction for Parents of Preschool Youngsters, the Nurse-Family Partnership, Parents As Teachers, and the Parent-Child Home Program. The website offers information about research and collaborative home visiting projects. For more information, visit http://www.hfrp.org/other-research-areas/home-visit-forum-completed-project.
In addition, Children's Bureau Express has covered the topic of home visiting in previous issues:
- "Home Visiting Study Prompts Changes" (September 2004)
- "Time Spent in Home Visits Related to Personality Traits of Mothers and Staff" (December 2003/January 2004)
- "Home Visiting Programs Help Reduce Child Maltreatment" (April 2003)
- "Home Visitation Measured as a Way to Prevent Child Abuse" (November 2000)
- Coordinating Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice Services
A considerable body of research confirms the connection between child maltreatment and juvenile delinquency, as evidenced by the high number of maltreated children who later commit delinquent acts and the number of juvenile delinquents who have histories of CPS involvement. A new publication from the Child Welfare League of America (CWLA), Guidebook for Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare System Coordination and Integration: Framework for Improved Outcomes, offers practical guidance for promoting integration and coordination of services between two systems that have historically operated quite separately.
The guidebook is designed to help jurisdictions determine what efforts will best achieve improved outcomes for children and families. The book divides the process into five stages: initiation, data collection, assessment, strategy building, and implementation. Appendices offer information on Federal child welfare and juvenile justice laws and programs.
The Guidebook is available on the CWLA website at http://www.cwla.org/programs/juvenilejustice/jjguidebook08.pdf (PDF - 994 KB).
- Evidence-Based Practices in Adoption
Adoption professionals can use a new online resource that promotes and supports the use of evidence-based practices. The Virginia-based website, The Adoption Professionals' Resource, focuses primarily on the adoption of children from foster care. Resources include links for innovative practices, publications, and the needs assessment and first year evaluation report from the Children's Bureau-funded Quality Improvement Center on Adoption.
(Editor's note: This link is no longer available.)
- How to Determine When Not to File a TPR Petition
Among the provisions of the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 is the requirement that a petition for termination of a parent's rights be filed when a child has been in out-of-home care for 15 of the most recent 22 months. A few exceptions are permitted; one is when the State agency can document a compelling reason that termination would not be in the child's best interest.
Amid concern that the "compelling reason" exception has been overused, the Child and Family Services Agency of the District of Columbia asked the Center for the Study of Social Policy to review the situation across the country and develop recommendations. The resulting paper, Criteria and Procedures for Determining a "Compelling Reason" Not to File a TPR: Discussion Paper and Approved Recommendations, looks at the laws, policies, and practices of several States. It provides criteria for making a "compelling reason" determination and outlines a process for documenting and reviewing those determinations. The paper is available at http://www.cssp.org/publications/documents/child-welfare/document/CRITERIA-AND-PROCEDURES-FOR-DETERMINING.pdf (PDF - 122 KB).
- Child Safety Articles
ACTION for Child Protection (ACTION) provides consultation, training, and technical assistance to child welfare agencies and also operates the National Resource Center for Child Protective Services. One highlight of the ACTION website is a series of monthly articles on child safety in the child protective services system. Past articles, available through the "article archive," cover such diverse topics as child safety and the legal process, supervising the safety intervention, and unexplained injuries. Learn more about ACTION from its website at www.actionchildprotection.org.
- National Data Analysis System Updates
The National Data Analysis System, maintained by the Child Welfare League of America (CWLA), offers a comprehensive collection of statistics and data on State child welfare services. The system was recently updated to include 2002 Urban Institute data and 2003 CWLA State agency survey data (part 2). Users can customize the data output by requesting data for a particular State and time period, and public child welfare agency users can access another level of data through a login function. Visit the website at www.cwla.org/ndas.htm. (Editor's note: CWLA no longer supports NDAS.)
- Preserving Family Ties for Siblings in Foster Care
In recent years, child welfare agencies have placed increasing emphasis on preserving and maintaining sibling relationships for children in foster care. The July 2005 issue of Children and Youth Services Review is devoted entirely to this topic. Much of the research shows a distinct difference in outcomes for children who are placed with at least one sibling on such dimensions as the stability of placements, mental health and socialization, and dealing with the trauma of separation from the family.
Children and Youth Services Review is published by Elsevier Science, Inc. Ordering information is available online at www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01907409.
- The Impact of Methamphetamine on Child Welfare Practice
The use, sale, and manufacture of methamphetamine (meth) is a growing problem across the United States. Children whose parents are meth users are at an increased risk of being abused or neglected. In addition, children who are present in home labs where meth is commonly manufactured are at risk of exposure to toxic chemicals and other hazards.
The April 2005 issue of Children's Services Practice Notes, a quarterly newsletter published by the North Carolina Division of Social Services, is devoted entirely to helping child welfare workers respond to the impact of meth on families and children. This issue, "Meth and Family-Centered Child Welfare Practice," offers practical information on what meth is, how to recognize signs of meth use, how to recognize a meth lab, and how to respond to clients without sacrificing the safety of the client, child, or worker. Changes to law and policy also are discussed.
The issue can be downloaded at www.practicenotes.org/vol10_n2/cspnv10n2.pdf (PDF 286 KB).
- Funding Resources by State
The Grantsmanship Center website offers one-stop shopping for State funding resources. Visitors to the funding section of the website (http://www.tgci.com/funding-sources) can click on their States to find information on:
- Top foundations that give grants in that State
- Community foundations
- Corporate giving programs
- The State homepage
Information also is provided on upcoming Grantsmanship Center trainings in that State.
Find trainings, workshops, webinars, and other opportunities for professionals and families to learn about how to improve the lives of children and youth as well as a listing of upcoming events and conferences.
15th National Conference on Child Abuse and Neglect
The 15th National Conference on Child Abuse and Neglect was held April 18 to 23, 2005. Sponsored by the Office on Child Abuse and Neglect, Children’s Bureau, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, this conference provided opportunities to hear nationally known experts in child abuse and neglect and discuss the latest research and programs in the field. The conference theme, "Supporting Promising Practices and Positive Outcomes: A Shared Responsibility," promoted interagency collaboration, as well as collaboration across disciplines, to maximize resources and provide more effective services to protect children and strengthen families.
Upcoming national conferences on adoption and child welfare through September 2005 include:
- 27th Annual Conference "Don't Gamble with Truth in Adoption" (American Adoption Congress; July 6 through 10; Las Vegas, NV)
- 9th International Family Violence Research Conference (Family Research Laboratory & Crimes Against Children Research Center; July 10 through 13; Portsmouth, NH)
- National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges 68th Annual Conference "Sustaining the Gains" (July 17 through 20; Pittsburgh, PA)
- Children's Bureau's 8th National Child Welfare Data Conference "Assuring Positive Outcomes for Children and Families: It's a Team Effort" (National Resource Center for Child Welfare Data and Technology; July 20 through 22; Washington, DC)
- 19th Annual Conference on Treatment Foster Care (Foster Family-Based Treatment Association; July 24 through 27; Atlanta, GA)
- Investigation and Prosecution of Child Abuse: Equal Justice for Children (National Center for Prosecution of Child Abuse/American Prosecutors Research Institute; August 1 through 5; Portland, OR)
- 2005 NACAC Conference (North American Council on Adoptable Children; August 3 through 6; Pittsburgh, PA)
- 6th National Conference on Child Sexual Abuse Prevention (National Children's Advocacy Center and the Association for Sexual Abuse Prevention; August 10 through 12; Huntsville, AL)
- 28th National Children's Law Conference (National Association of Counsel for Children; August 25 through 28; Hollywood, CA)
- Generations United 13th International Conference "The Intergenerational Current: Across the Lifespan and Around the Globe" (September 13 through 17; Washington, DC)
- 10th International Conference on Family Violence (Family Violence and Sexual Assault Institute; September 16 through 21; San Diego, CA)
- APSAC Forensic Child Interview Clinic (American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children; September 19 through 23; Portsmouth, VA)
- National Independent Living Conference "Growing Pains" (National Independent Living Association; September 21 through 24; Atlanta, GA)
Further details about national and regional adoption and child welfare conferences can be found through the "Conference Calendar Search" feature on Child Welfare Information Gateway at www.childwelfare.gov
- Effective Black Parenting
The Center for the Improvement of Child Caring (CICC) offers an ongoing series of workshops around the country to prepare instructors to lead Effective Black Parenting classes. The workshops for instructors are intensive 5-day sessions that provide staff with training, materials, and certification to lead these classes in the community.
Effective Black Parenting is an evidence-based national model program developed by CICC that approaches African-American parenting with an achievement orientation. The program covers the topics of culturally sensitive parenting strategies, general parenting strategies, parenting using African-American language expressions and African proverbs, and special topics such as single parenting and drug abuse.
In addition to its Effective Black Parenting training for instructors, CICC offers workshops for instructors in their Confident Parenting program, Los Niños Bien Educados program, and Steps to Independence for Young Children with Special Needs.
For more information, visit the CICC website at www.ciccparenting.org.